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See also: vēdzelē


Saldūdens vēdzele
Jūras vēdzele

Alternative forms[edit]


The origin of this word is unclear. One suggestion links it, because of the burbot's moist, slimy skin, to Old Norse vǫkr, Ancient Greek ὑγρός(hugrós), Latin ūvidus(moist, wet), from Proto-Indo-European *wegʷ-(wet, to water), with the changing to g (so as to yield Latvian dz). Another suggestion is that, if zivs(fish) is from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰew-, *gʰew-, *ǵʰēw-, *gʰēw- (see zivs), then metathesis could have created the forms *wēǵʰ-, *wēgʰ-, leading to Proto-Baltic *wēž-, *wēdz-, from which Latin vēdzele, dialectal vēzele. Cognates include Lithuanian vėgėlė̃.[1]


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vēdzele f (5th declension)

  1. burbot (two fish species)
    saldūdens vēdzele‎ ― freshwater burbot (Lota lota)
    jūras vēdzele, jūrasvēdzele‎ ― (four-bearded) rockling (lit. sea burbot; Enchelyopus cimbrius)



  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “vēdzele”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7