zivs

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Latgalian[edit]

Noun[edit]

zivs ?

  1. fish

Latvian[edit]

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 zivs on Latvian Wikipedia
Zivs
Zivs
Zivs
Zivs

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latvian zivs, dialectal zuvs, zuve, from Proto-Baltic *žuwis, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeu-wi-s, *ǵʰu-wi-s, derived from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰew- (fish) (compare also homonymous Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeu- (to pour), *ǵʰēu-, *ǵʰəu- (to gape)). Cognates include Lithuanian žuvìs (fish), Old Prussian suckis (zukis, fish). Some linguists (e.g., Pokorny) add Ancient Greek ἰχθύς (ikhthús), Old Armenian ձուկն (jukn), and reconstruct Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰdū-, *dʰǵʰu- (fish), which seems less likely.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

zivs f (6th declension)

  1. fish (animal that lives in water, moving with fins and breathing with gills)
    jūras zivissea fish
    svaigas zivisfresh fish
    saldētas zivisfrozen fish
    žāvēt zivisto dry fish
    zivju dīķifish ponds
    zivju eļļafish oil
    zivju nārstsfish spawning
    plēsīgās zivispredatory fish
    zivju konservicanned fish
    zivju ikri, spurasfish eggs, fins
    saldūdens zivisfreshwater fish
    dziļūdens zivisdeep-water fish
    vilkt, zvejot zivisto catch fish
    zivju rūpniecībathe fish(ing) industry
    zivs ūdenīlike a fish in water (= very comfortable)
    “vai te nav kāda upe tuvumā?” “ir; un tur ir daudz zivju” — “isn't there some river nearby?” “(yes,) there is; and there are a lot of fish there (= in it)”

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “zivs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7