ἰχθύς

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰu-.[1] Compare Old Armenian ձուկն ‎(jukn) and Lithuanian žuvis.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ἰχθῡ́ς ‎(ikhthū́sm ‎(genitive ἰχθῠ́ος); third declension ikhthus ixqus ichthus ichthys ikhthys may be Romanised forms of Ancient Greek ἰχθῡ́ς.

  1. fish
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 24.82
      ἔρχεται ὠμηστῇσιν ἐπ᾽ ἰχθύσι κῆρα φέρουσα
      goeth down bearing death to the ravenous fishes
    1. (figuratively) stupid person
    2. (plural) fish market
      • 405 BCE, Aristophanes, The Frogs 1068
        κἂν ταῦτα λέγων ἐξαπατήσῃ, παρὰ τοὺς ἰχθῦς ἀνέκυψεν.
        And if he fooled 'em with that story, he'd pop up in the fish market.
    3. (plural) Pisces (constellation)

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • ἰχθύς in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • «ἰχθύς» in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «ἰχθύς» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • «ἰχθύς» in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • «ἰχθύς» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
    • fish idem, page 323.
  1. ^ Julius Pokorny, Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, 1959