ἰχθύς

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See also: ιχθύς

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰu-.[1][2] Compare Old Armenian ձուկն (jukn) and Lithuanian žuvis.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ἰχθῡ́ς (ikhthū́sm (genitive ἰχθῠ́ος); third declension

  1. fish
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 24.82:
      ἔρχεται ὠμηστῇσιν ἐπ᾽ ἰχθύσι κῆρα φέρουσα
      érkhetai ōmēstêisin ep᾽ ikhthúsi kêra phérousa
      goeth down bearing death to the ravenous fishes
    1. (figuratively) stupid person
    2. (plural) fish market
      • 405 BCE, Aristophanes, The Frogs 1068:
        κἂν ταῦτα λέγων ἐξαπατήσῃ, παρὰ τοὺς ἰχθῦς ἀνέκυψεν.
        kàn taûta légōn exapatḗsēi, parà toùs ikhthûs anékupsen.
        And if he fooled 'em with that story, he'd pop up in the fish market.
    3. (plural) Pisces (constellation)

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  • ἰχθύς in Wilhelm Pape's Handwörterbuch der griechischen Sprache: Griechisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch. 1875. Vol I, pg. 582/1.
  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Bern, München: Francke Verlag
  2. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 606-607