ἰχθύς

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See also: ιχθύς

Ancient Greek[edit]

Broom icon.svg A user suggests that this Ancient Greek entry be cleaned up giving the reason: "
  1. Lemma is ἰχθύς and head is ἰχθῡ́ς, yet in the declension table it's "ἰχθῡ́ς / ἰχθῦς". This requires an explanation or usage note.
  2. Giving pronunciation with /i/ and with <ῐ> in the template but adding the comment "length of the iota are unknown" is misleading/contradicting. /i/ and <ῐ> implies it's short. If it is unknown it should be rather be /i(:)/ and <ι> (or ι with macron and breve) and with a visible note. If the template can't produced /i(:)/ (unmarked <ι> doesn't work), there could be both /i/ and /i:/ together with the note.".
Please see the discussion on Requests for cleanup(+) or the talk page for more information and remove this template after the problem has been dealt with.

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰu-.[1] Compare Old Armenian ձուկն (jukn) and Lithuanian žuvis.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ἰχθῡ́ς (ikhthū́sm (genitive ἰχθῠ́ος); third declension

  1. fish
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 24.82
      ἔρχεται ὠμηστῇσιν ἐπ᾽ ἰχθύσι κῆρα φέρουσα
      érkhetai ōmēstêisin ep᾽ ikhthúsi kêra phérousa
      goeth down bearing death to the ravenous fishes
    1. (figuratively) stupid person
    2. (plural) fish market
      • 405 BCE, Aristophanes, The Frogs 1068
        κἂν ταῦτα λέγων ἐξαπατήσῃ, παρὰ τοὺς ἰχθῦς ἀνέκυψεν.
        kàn taûta légōn exapatḗsēi, parà toùs ikhthûs anékupsen.
        And if he fooled 'em with that story, he'd pop up in the fish market.
    3. (plural) Pisces (constellation)

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  • ἰχθύς in Wilhelm Pape's Handwörterbuch der griechischen Sprache: Griechisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch. 1875. Vol I, pg. 582/1.
  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Bern, München: Francke Verlag