ἰχθύς

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰu-[1], compare Old Armenian ձուկն (jukn) and Lithuanian žuvis.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ἰχθῡ́ς (ikhthū́s) (genitive ἰχθῠ́ος); m, third declension

  1. fish
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 24.82
      ἔρχεται ὠμηστῇσιν ἐπ᾽ ἰχθύσι κῆρα φέρουσα
      goeth down bearing death to the ravenous fishes
    1. (figuratively) stupid person
    2. (plural) fish market
      • 405 BCE, Aristophanes, The Frogs 1068
        κἂν ταῦτα λέγων ἐξαπατήσῃ, παρὰ τοὺς ἰχθῦς ἀνέκυψεν.
        And if he fooled 'em with that story, he'd pop up in the fish market.
    3. (plural) Pisces (constellation)

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Julius Pokorny, Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, 1959