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PIE root

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *źuˀs; related to Latvian zivs, Old Prussian suckis ‎(fish). From Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰu- [1]; cognate with Ancient Greek ἰχθῡ́ς ‎(ikhthū́s), Old Armenian ձուկն ‎(jukn, fish).

Since *dK- regularly yielded *iKt- in Greek (compare ίκτῖνος ‎(íktînos), ἑκατόν ‎(hekatón)), Proto-Indo-European *d- as opposed to *dʰ- must be reconstructed, encouraging a connection with the root *deǵʰ- ‎(liquid?); compare Old Irish deug ‎(drink, draught, potion), Lithuanian dažaĩ ‎(paint, dye). A similar semantic path can be observed in ūdra ‎(otter) from *wed- ‎(water) [2]


žuvìs f ‎(plural žùvys) stress pattern 4

  1. fish (living animal or its meat)


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  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, page 523
  2. ^ Alwin Kloekhorst (forthc.) Proto-Indo-European "thorn"-clusters.