vēzis

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See also: Vēzis

Latvian[edit]

Vēzis

Etymology[edit]

There are various opinions about the origin of this word. Some derive it from the verb vēzēt (to swing quickly (from one side to the other)), or from the verb vēzt (to drag (sideways, back)); others relate it to Lithuanian verb vóžti (to shut, to cover); others compare it to Sanskrit वाह्यकी (vāhyakī), वाहकः (vāhakaḥ, some poisonous insect). Cognates include Lithuanian vėžỹs.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

vēzis m (2nd declension)

  1. (crustacean) crayfish
    jūras vēžisea crayfish
    upes vēžiriver crayfish
    purva vēzisswamp crayfish
    sarkans kā vārīts vēzisred as a boiled crayfish
    velkas kā vēzis(it) drags itself like a crayfish (= slowly)
  2. (medicine) cancer (disease characterized by uncontrolled cellular growth)
    kuņģa, plaušu, krūts vēzisstomach, lungs, breast cancer
    vēža slimniekscancer patient
  3. (botany) plant disease characterized by growths on the trunk or roots
    āboliņa vēzisclover cancer
    augļu koku vēzisfruit tree cancer
    kartupeļu vēzispotato cancer

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “vēzis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7