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Borrowed from Latin vestigium.


vestigium (plural vestigia)

  1. A vestige.



Unknown.[1][2] Maybe from earlier *verstīgium, from verrō (to sweep).[3] Or, possibly from vē- +‎ *stīgō, from Proto-Indo-European *steygʰ- (to walk).



vestīgium n (genitive vestīgiī or vestīgī); second declension

  1. footprint, track
  2. trace, vestige, mark
  3. sole of the foot
  4. horseshoe
  5. (figuratively, of time) moment, instant
    Synonym: mōmentum
    • Caesar, de Bello Gallico VII, 25:
      omnemque Galliae salutem in illo vestigio temporis positam arbitrarentur
      And they considered all the safety of Gallia laid on this moment of time


Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative vestīgium vestīgia
Genitive vestīgiī
Dative vestīgiō vestīgiīs
Accusative vestīgium vestīgia
Ablative vestīgiō vestīgiīs
Vocative vestīgium vestīgia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Related terms[edit]


  • Catalan: vestigi
  • English: vestige
  • French: vestige
  • Romanian: vestigiu
  • Spanish: vestigio
  • Italian: vestigio


  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2023), “vestige”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  2. ^ “vestigium” in the Oxford Latin Dictionary, 1968
  3. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 671.

Further reading[edit]

  • vestigium”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vestigium”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vestigium in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • vestigium in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to follow in any one's steps: vestigia alicuius sequi, persequi or vestigiis aliquem sequi, persequi
    • to follow in any one's steps: vestigiis alicuius insistere, ingredi (also metaph.)
    • not to stir from one's place: loco or vestigio se non movere