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Of unknown origin.[1][2] Maybe from earlier *verstigium, from verro, 'to sweep'.[3] Or, possibly from ve- +‎ *stīgō, from Proto-Indo-European *steygʰ- (to walk).



vestīgium n (genitive vestīgiī or vestīgī); second declension

  1. footprint, track
  2. trace, vestige, mark
  3. sole of the foot
  4. horseshoe
  5. (figuratively, of time) moment, instant


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative vestīgium vestīgia
genitive vestīgiī
dative vestīgiō vestīgiīs
accusative vestīgium vestīgia
ablative vestīgiō vestīgiīs
vocative vestīgium vestīgia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Related terms[edit]



  • vestigium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vestigium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “vestigium”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • vestigium” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to follow in any one's steps: vestigia alicuius sequi, persequi or vestigiis aliquem sequi, persequi
    • to follow in any one's steps: vestigiis alicuius insistere, ingredi (also metaph.)
    • not to stir from one's place: loco or vestigio se non movere
  1. ^ vestige” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2017.
  2. ^ “vestigium” in the Oxford Latin Dictionary, 1968
  3. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 671.