virsū

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See also: virsu and viršu

Latvian[edit]

Noun[edit]

virsū m

  1. locative singular form of virsus

Adverb[edit]

virsū

  1. on, onto, above the surface (of an object, often in the dative; the sequence "noun-Dative virsū" often works as if virsū were a postposition governing the dative)
    uzlikt, uzkāpt, uzlēkt, uzkrist kam virsūto put, climb, jump, fall on top of something
    sēdēt akmenim virsūto sit on top of the stone
    uzlikt jakai virsū mētelito put on a coat on top of the jacket
    burtnīcām virsū bija uzliktas grāmatasbooks were placed on top of notebooks
  2. used with various verbs, with meaning similar to that of the prefix uz-, but with imperfective, rather than perfective, aspect
    ģērbt mēteli virsū, uzģērbt mētelito put a coat on
    brukt virsū, uzbruktto attack (someone)
    bāzties virsū, uzbāzties; mākties virsū, uzmākties; plīties virsū, uzplītiesto thrust, to impose oneself (on someone)
  3. used together with the prefix uz-, to reinforce its meaning
    uzdzert ūdeni virsūto drink up the water
  4. (with verbs of looking) indicates that the subject's gaze is directed straight at the object
    skatīties kādam virsū, skatīties uz kādu, uzskatīties kāduto examine someone
    mācītājs cieti skatījās pagasta vecākajam virsūthe priest looked attentively at the old parishioner
  5. (with nākt (to come)) to approach gradually, to happen more intensively
    lietus, negaiss, vētra nāk virsūrain, heavy rain, a storm is coming
    pavasaris nāk virsūspring is coming
    nāk virsū traka nervozitatea crazy nervousness is coming, increasing
    reizēm sāpes mocīja tā, ka ģībonis nāca virsūsometimes the pain was so torturing that fainting came close (= that he came close to fainting)

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]