vunguza

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Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

-vunguza?

  1. (intransitive, of wind) to blow

Inflection[edit]

Tone H
Infinitive ukuvunguza
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuvunguza ukungavunguzi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular vunguza vunguze
Plural vunguzani vunguzeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyavunguza, ngivunguza engiyavunguza, engivunguza ngivunguza angivunguzi engingavunguzi ngingavunguzi
2nd singular uyavunguza, uvunguza oyavunguza, ovunguza uvunguza awuvunguzi ongavunguzi ungavunguzi
1st plural siyavunguza, sivunguza esiyavunguza, esivunguza sivunguza asivunguzi esingavunguzi singavunguzi
2nd plural niyavunguza, nivunguza eniyavunguza, enivunguza nivunguza anivunguzi eningavunguzi ningavunguzi
Class 1 uyavunguza, uvunguza oyavunguza, ovunguza evunguza akavunguzi ongavunguzi engavunguzi
Class 2 bayavunguza, bavunguza abayavunguza, abavunguza bevunguza abavunguzi abangavunguzi bengavunguzi
Class 3 uyavunguza, uvunguza oyavunguza, ovunguza uvunguza awuvunguzi ongavunguzi ungavunguzi
Class 4 iyavunguza, ivunguza eyavunguza, evunguza ivunguza ayivunguzi engavunguzi ingavunguzi
Class 5 liyavunguza, livunguza eliyavunguza, elivunguza livunguza alivunguzi elingavunguzi lingavunguzi
Class 6 ayavunguza, avunguza ayavunguza, avunguza evunguza awavunguzi angavunguzi engavunguzi
Class 7 siyavunguza, sivunguza esiyavunguza, esivunguza sivunguza asivunguzi esingavunguzi singavunguzi
Class 8 ziyavunguza, zivunguza eziyavunguza, ezivunguza zivunguza azivunguzi ezingavunguzi zingavunguzi
Class 9 iyavunguza, ivunguza eyavunguza, evunguza ivunguza ayivunguzi engavunguzi ingavunguzi
Class 10 ziyavunguza, zivunguza eziyavunguza, ezivunguza zivunguza azivunguzi ezingavunguzi zingavunguzi
Class 11 luyavunguza, luvunguza oluyavunguza, oluvunguza luvunguza aluvunguzi olungavunguzi lungavunguzi
Class 14 buyavunguza, buvunguza obuyavunguza, obuvunguza buvunguza abuvunguzi obungavunguzi bungavunguzi
Class 15 kuyavunguza, kuvunguza okuyavunguza, okuvunguza kuvunguza akuvunguzi okungavunguzi kungavunguzi
Class 17 kuyavunguza, kuvunguza okuyavunguza, okuvunguza kuvunguza akuvunguzi okungavunguzi kungavunguzi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngivunguzile, ngivunguzē engivunguzile, engivunguzē ngivunguzile, ngivunguzē angivunguzanga engingavunguzanga ngingavunguzanga
2nd singular uvunguzile, uvunguzē ovunguzile, ovunguzē uvunguzile, uvunguzē awuvunguzanga ongavunguzanga ungavunguzanga
1st plural sivunguzile, sivunguzē esivunguzile, esivunguzē sivunguzile, sivunguzē asivunguzanga esingavunguzanga singavunguzanga
2nd plural nivunguzile, nivunguzē enivunguzile, enivunguzē nivunguzile, nivunguzē anivunguzanga eningavunguzanga ningavunguzanga
Class 1 uvunguzile, uvunguzē ovunguzile, ovunguzē evunguzile, evunguzē akavunguzanga ongavunguzanga engavunguzanga
Class 2 bavunguzile, bavunguzē abavunguzile, abavunguzē bevunguzile, bevunguzē abavunguzanga abangavunguzanga bengavunguzanga
Class 3 uvunguzile, uvunguzē ovunguzile, ovunguzē uvunguzile, uvunguzē awuvunguzanga ongavunguzanga ungavunguzanga
Class 4 ivunguzile, ivunguzē evunguzile, evunguzē ivunguzile, ivunguzē ayivunguzanga engavunguzanga ingavunguzanga
Class 5 livunguzile, livunguzē elivunguzile, elivunguzē livunguzile, livunguzē alivunguzanga elingavunguzanga lingavunguzanga
Class 6 avunguzile, avunguzē avunguzile, avunguzē evunguzile, evunguzē awavunguzanga angavunguzanga engavunguzanga
Class 7 sivunguzile, sivunguzē esivunguzile, esivunguzē sivunguzile, sivunguzē asivunguzanga esingavunguzanga singavunguzanga
Class 8 zivunguzile, zivunguzē ezivunguzile, ezivunguzē zivunguzile, zivunguzē azivunguzanga ezingavunguzanga zingavunguzanga
Class 9 ivunguzile, ivunguzē evunguzile, evunguzē ivunguzile, ivunguzē ayivunguzanga engavunguzanga ingavunguzanga
Class 10 zivunguzile, zivunguzē ezivunguzile, ezivunguzē zivunguzile, zivunguzē azivunguzanga ezingavunguzanga zingavunguzanga
Class 11 luvunguzile, luvunguzē oluvunguzile, oluvunguzē luvunguzile, luvunguzē aluvunguzanga olungavunguzanga lungavunguzanga
Class 14 buvunguzile, buvunguzē obuvunguzile, obuvunguzē buvunguzile, buvunguzē abuvunguzanga obungavunguzanga bungavunguzanga
Class 15 kuvunguzile, kuvunguzē okuvunguzile, okuvunguzē kuvunguzile, kuvunguzē akuvunguzanga okungavunguzanga kungavunguzanga
Class 17 kuvunguzile, kuvunguzē okuvunguzile, okuvunguzē kuvunguzile, kuvunguzē akuvunguzanga okungavunguzanga kungavunguzanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāvunguza engāvunguza ngāvunguza angivunguzanga engingavunguzanga ngingavunguzanga
2nd singular wāvunguza owāvunguza wāvunguza awuvunguzanga ongavunguzanga ungavunguzanga
1st plural sāvunguza esāvunguza sāvunguza asivunguzanga esingavunguzanga singavunguzanga
2nd plural nāvunguza enāvunguza nāvunguza anivunguzanga eningavunguzanga ningavunguzanga
Class 1 wāvunguza owāvunguza āvunguza akavunguzanga ongavunguzanga engavunguzanga
Class 2 bāvunguza abāvunguza bāvunguza abavunguzanga abangavunguzanga bengavunguzanga
Class 3 wāvunguza owāvunguza wāvunguza awuvunguzanga ongavunguzanga ungavunguzanga
Class 4 yāvunguza eyāvunguza yāvunguza ayivunguzanga engavunguzanga ingavunguzanga
Class 5 lāvunguza elāvunguza lāvunguza alivunguzanga elingavunguzanga lingavunguzanga
Class 6 āvunguza āvunguza āvunguza awavunguzanga angavunguzanga engavunguzanga
Class 7 sāvunguza esāvunguza sāvunguza asivunguzanga esingavunguzanga singavunguzanga
Class 8 zāvunguza ezāvunguza zāvunguza azivunguzanga ezingavunguzanga zingavunguzanga
Class 9 yāvunguza eyāvunguza yāvunguza ayivunguzanga engavunguzanga ingavunguzanga
Class 10 zāvunguza ezāvunguza zāvunguza azivunguzanga ezingavunguzanga zingavunguzanga
Class 11 lwāvunguza olwāvunguza lwāvunguza aluvunguzanga olungavunguzanga lungavunguzanga
Class 14 bāvunguza obāvunguza bāvunguza abuvunguzanga obungavunguzanga bungavunguzanga
Class 15 kwāvunguza okwāvunguza kwāvunguza akuvunguzanga okungavunguzanga kungavunguzanga
Class 17 kwāvunguza okwāvunguza kwāvunguza akuvunguzanga okungavunguzanga kungavunguzanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingavunguza ngingavunguza ngingevunguze ngingevunguze
2nd singular ungavunguza ungavunguza ungevunguze ungevunguze
1st plural singavunguza singavunguza singevunguze singevunguze
2nd plural ningavunguza ningavunguza ningevunguze ningevunguze
Class 1 angavunguza engavunguza angevunguze engevunguze
Class 2 bangavunguza bengavunguza bangevunguze bengevunguze
Class 3 ungavunguza ungavunguza ungevunguze ungevunguze
Class 4 ingavunguza ingavunguza ingevunguze ingevunguze
Class 5 lingavunguza lingavunguza lingevunguze lingevunguze
Class 6 angavunguza engavunguza angevunguze engevunguze
Class 7 singavunguza singavunguza singevunguze singevunguze
Class 8 zingavunguza zingavunguza zingevunguze zingevunguze
Class 9 ingavunguza ingavunguza ingevunguze ingevunguze
Class 10 zingavunguza zingavunguza zingevunguze zingevunguze
Class 11 lungavunguza lungavunguza lungevunguze lungevunguze
Class 14 bungavunguza bungavunguza bungevunguze bungevunguze
Class 15 kungavunguza kungavunguza kungevunguze kungevunguze
Class 17 kungavunguza kungavunguza kungevunguze kungevunguze
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizovunguza engizovunguza ngizovunguza angizuvunguza ngingezuvunguza
2nd singular uzovunguza ozovunguza uzovunguza awuzuvunguza ungezuvunguza
1st plural sizovunguza esizovunguza sizovunguza asizuvunguza singezuvunguza
2nd plural nizovunguza enizovunguza nizovunguza anizuvunguza ningezuvunguza
Class 1 uzovunguza ozovunguza ezovunguza akazuvunguza engezuvunguza
Class 2 bazovunguza abazovunguza bezovunguza abazuvunguza bengezuvunguza
Class 3 uzovunguza ozovunguza uzovunguza awuzuvunguza ungezuvunguza
Class 4 izovunguza ezovunguza izovunguza ayizuvunguza ingezuvunguza
Class 5 lizovunguza elizovunguza lizovunguza alizuvunguza lingezuvunguza
Class 6 azovunguza azovunguza ezovunguza awazuvunguza engezuvunguza
Class 7 sizovunguza esizovunguza sizovunguza asizuvunguza singezuvunguza
Class 8 zizovunguza ezizovunguza zizovunguza azizuvunguza zingezuvunguza
Class 9 izovunguza ezovunguza izovunguza ayizuvunguza ingezuvunguza
Class 10 zizovunguza ezizovunguza zizovunguza azizuvunguza zingezuvunguza
Class 11 luzovunguza oluzovunguza luzovunguza aluzuvunguza lungezuvunguza
Class 14 buzovunguza obuzovunguza buzovunguza abuzuvunguza bungezuvunguza
Class 15 kuzovunguza okuzovunguza kuzovunguza akuzuvunguza kungezuvunguza
Class 17 kuzovunguza okuzovunguza kuzovunguza akuzuvunguza kungezuvunguza
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyovunguza engiyovunguza ngiyovunguza angiyuvunguza ngingeyuvunguza
2nd singular uyovunguza oyovunguza uyovunguza awuyuvunguza ungeyuvunguza
1st plural siyovunguza esiyovunguza siyovunguza asiyuvunguza singeyuvunguza
2nd plural niyovunguza eniyovunguza niyovunguza aniyuvunguza ningeyuvunguza
Class 1 uyovunguza oyovunguza eyovunguza akayuvunguza engeyuvunguza
Class 2 bayovunguza abayovunguza beyovunguza abayuvunguza bengeyuvunguza
Class 3 uyovunguza oyovunguza uyovunguza awuyuvunguza ungeyuvunguza
Class 4 iyovunguza eyovunguza iyovunguza ayiyuvunguza ingeyuvunguza
Class 5 liyovunguza eliyovunguza liyovunguza aliyuvunguza lingeyuvunguza
Class 6 ayovunguza ayovunguza eyovunguza awayuvunguza engeyuvunguza
Class 7 siyovunguza esiyovunguza siyovunguza asiyuvunguza singeyuvunguza
Class 8 ziyovunguza eziyovunguza ziyovunguza aziyuvunguza zingeyuvunguza
Class 9 iyovunguza eyovunguza iyovunguza ayiyuvunguza ingeyuvunguza
Class 10 ziyovunguza eziyovunguza ziyovunguza aziyuvunguza zingeyuvunguza
Class 11 luyovunguza oluyovunguza luyovunguza aluyuvunguza lungeyuvunguza
Class 14 buyovunguza obuyovunguza buyovunguza abuyuvunguza bungeyuvunguza
Class 15 kuyovunguza okuyovunguza kuyovunguza akuyuvunguza kungeyuvunguza
Class 17 kuyovunguza okuyovunguza kuyovunguza akuyuvunguza kungeyuvunguza
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngivunguze ngingavunguzi
2nd singular uvunguze ungavunguzi
1st plural sivunguze singavunguzi
2nd plural nivunguze ningavunguzi
Class 1 avunguze angavunguzi
Class 2 bavunguze bangavunguzi
Class 3 uvunguze ungavunguzi
Class 4 ivunguze ingavunguzi
Class 5 livunguze lingavunguzi
Class 6 avunguze angavunguzi
Class 7 sivunguze singavunguzi
Class 8 zivunguze zingavunguzi
Class 9 ivunguze ingavunguzi
Class 10 zivunguze zingavunguzi
Class 11 luvunguze lungavunguzi
Class 14 buvunguze bungavunguzi
Class 15 kuvunguze kungavunguzi
Class 17 kuvunguze kungavunguzi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngavunguza angivunguza
2nd singular wavunguza awuvunguza
1st plural savunguza asivunguza
2nd plural navunguza anivunguza
Class 1 wavunguza akavunguza
Class 2 bavunguza abavunguza
Class 3 wavunguza awuvunguza
Class 4 yavunguza ayivunguza
Class 5 lavunguza alivunguza
Class 6 avunguza awavunguza
Class 7 savunguza asivunguza
Class 8 zavunguza azivunguza
Class 9 yavunguza ayivunguza
Class 10 zavunguza azivunguza
Class 11 lwavunguza aluvunguza
Class 14 bavunguza abuvunguza
Class 15 kwavunguza akuvunguza
Class 17 kwavunguza akuvunguza

References[edit]