zingela

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Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From -zinga +‎ -ela.

Verb[edit]

-zingela?

  1. (transitive) to roam towards
  2. (transitive) to hunt
  3. (transitive) to pursue

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukuzingela
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuzingela ukungazingeli
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular zingela zingele
Plural zingelani zingeleni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyazingela, ngizingela engiyazingela, engizingela ngizingela angizingeli engingazingeli ngingazingeli
2nd singular uyazingela, uzingela oyazingela, ozingela uzingela awuzingeli ongazingeli ungazingeli
1st plural siyazingela, sizingela esiyazingela, esizingela sizingela asizingeli esingazingeli singazingeli
2nd plural niyazingela, nizingela eniyazingela, enizingela nizingela anizingeli eningazingeli ningazingeli
Class 1 uyazingela, uzingela oyazingela, ozingela ezingela akazingeli ongazingeli engazingeli
Class 2 bayazingela, bazingela abayazingela, abazingela bezingela abazingeli abangazingeli bengazingeli
Class 3 uyazingela, uzingela oyazingela, ozingela uzingela awuzingeli ongazingeli ungazingeli
Class 4 iyazingela, izingela eyazingela, ezingela izingela ayizingeli engazingeli ingazingeli
Class 5 liyazingela, lizingela eliyazingela, elizingela lizingela alizingeli elingazingeli lingazingeli
Class 6 ayazingela, azingela ayazingela, azingela ezingela awazingeli angazingeli engazingeli
Class 7 siyazingela, sizingela esiyazingela, esizingela sizingela asizingeli esingazingeli singazingeli
Class 8 ziyazingela, zizingela eziyazingela, ezizingela zizingela azizingeli ezingazingeli zingazingeli
Class 9 iyazingela, izingela eyazingela, ezingela izingela ayizingeli engazingeli ingazingeli
Class 10 ziyazingela, zizingela eziyazingela, ezizingela zizingela azizingeli ezingazingeli zingazingeli
Class 11 luyazingela, luzingela oluyazingela, oluzingela luzingela aluzingeli olungazingeli lungazingeli
Class 14 buyazingela, buzingela obuyazingela, obuzingela buzingela abuzingeli obungazingeli bungazingeli
Class 15 kuyazingela, kuzingela okuyazingela, okuzingela kuzingela akuzingeli okungazingeli kungazingeli
Class 17 kuyazingela, kuzingela okuyazingela, okuzingela kuzingela akuzingeli okungazingeli kungazingeli
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizingele engizingele ngizingele angizingelanga engingazingelanga ngingazingelanga
2nd singular uzingele ozingele uzingele awuzingelanga ongazingelanga ungazingelanga
1st plural sizingele esizingele sizingele asizingelanga esingazingelanga singazingelanga
2nd plural nizingele enizingele nizingele anizingelanga eningazingelanga ningazingelanga
Class 1 uzingele ozingele ezingele akazingelanga ongazingelanga engazingelanga
Class 2 bazingele abazingele bezingele abazingelanga abangazingelanga bengazingelanga
Class 3 uzingele ozingele uzingele awuzingelanga ongazingelanga ungazingelanga
Class 4 izingele ezingele izingele ayizingelanga engazingelanga ingazingelanga
Class 5 lizingele elizingele lizingele alizingelanga elingazingelanga lingazingelanga
Class 6 azingele azingele ezingele awazingelanga angazingelanga engazingelanga
Class 7 sizingele esizingele sizingele asizingelanga esingazingelanga singazingelanga
Class 8 zizingele ezizingele zizingele azizingelanga ezingazingelanga zingazingelanga
Class 9 izingele ezingele izingele ayizingelanga engazingelanga ingazingelanga
Class 10 zizingele ezizingele zizingele azizingelanga ezingazingelanga zingazingelanga
Class 11 luzingele oluzingele luzingele aluzingelanga olungazingelanga lungazingelanga
Class 14 buzingele obuzingele buzingele abuzingelanga obungazingelanga bungazingelanga
Class 15 kuzingele okuzingele kuzingele akuzingelanga okungazingelanga kungazingelanga
Class 17 kuzingele okuzingele kuzingele akuzingelanga okungazingelanga kungazingelanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāzingela engāzingela ngāzingela angizingelanga engingazingelanga ngingazingelanga
2nd singular wāzingela owāzingela wāzingela awuzingelanga ongazingelanga ungazingelanga
1st plural sāzingela esāzingela sāzingela asizingelanga esingazingelanga singazingelanga
2nd plural nāzingela enāzingela nāzingela anizingelanga eningazingelanga ningazingelanga
Class 1 wāzingela owāzingela āzingela akazingelanga ongazingelanga engazingelanga
Class 2 bāzingela abāzingela bāzingela abazingelanga abangazingelanga bengazingelanga
Class 3 wāzingela owāzingela wāzingela awuzingelanga ongazingelanga ungazingelanga
Class 4 yāzingela eyāzingela yāzingela ayizingelanga engazingelanga ingazingelanga
Class 5 lāzingela elāzingela lāzingela alizingelanga elingazingelanga lingazingelanga
Class 6 āzingela āzingela āzingela awazingelanga angazingelanga engazingelanga
Class 7 sāzingela esāzingela sāzingela asizingelanga esingazingelanga singazingelanga
Class 8 zāzingela ezāzingela zāzingela azizingelanga ezingazingelanga zingazingelanga
Class 9 yāzingela eyāzingela yāzingela ayizingelanga engazingelanga ingazingelanga
Class 10 zāzingela ezāzingela zāzingela azizingelanga ezingazingelanga zingazingelanga
Class 11 lwāzingela olwāzingela lwāzingela aluzingelanga olungazingelanga lungazingelanga
Class 14 bāzingela obāzingela bāzingela abuzingelanga obungazingelanga bungazingelanga
Class 15 kwāzingela okwāzingela kwāzingela akuzingelanga okungazingelanga kungazingelanga
Class 17 kwāzingela okwāzingela kwāzingela akuzingelanga okungazingelanga kungazingelanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingazingela ngingazingela ngingezingele ngingezingele
2nd singular ungazingela ungazingela ungezingele ungezingele
1st plural singazingela singazingela singezingele singezingele
2nd plural ningazingela ningazingela ningezingele ningezingele
Class 1 angazingela engazingela angezingele engezingele
Class 2 bangazingela bengazingela bangezingele bengezingele
Class 3 ungazingela ungazingela ungezingele ungezingele
Class 4 ingazingela ingazingela ingezingele ingezingele
Class 5 lingazingela lingazingela lingezingele lingezingele
Class 6 angazingela engazingela angezingele engezingele
Class 7 singazingela singazingela singezingele singezingele
Class 8 zingazingela zingazingela zingezingele zingezingele
Class 9 ingazingela ingazingela ingezingele ingezingele
Class 10 zingazingela zingazingela zingezingele zingezingele
Class 11 lungazingela lungazingela lungezingele lungezingele
Class 14 bungazingela bungazingela bungezingele bungezingele
Class 15 kungazingela kungazingela kungezingele kungezingele
Class 17 kungazingela kungazingela kungezingele kungezingele
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizozingela engizozingela ngizozingela angizuzingela ngingezuzingela
2nd singular uzozingela ozozingela uzozingela awuzuzingela ungezuzingela
1st plural sizozingela esizozingela sizozingela asizuzingela singezuzingela
2nd plural nizozingela enizozingela nizozingela anizuzingela ningezuzingela
Class 1 uzozingela ozozingela ezozingela akazuzingela engezuzingela
Class 2 bazozingela abazozingela bezozingela abazuzingela bengezuzingela
Class 3 uzozingela ozozingela uzozingela awuzuzingela ungezuzingela
Class 4 izozingela ezozingela izozingela ayizuzingela ingezuzingela
Class 5 lizozingela elizozingela lizozingela alizuzingela lingezuzingela
Class 6 azozingela azozingela ezozingela awazuzingela engezuzingela
Class 7 sizozingela esizozingela sizozingela asizuzingela singezuzingela
Class 8 zizozingela ezizozingela zizozingela azizuzingela zingezuzingela
Class 9 izozingela ezozingela izozingela ayizuzingela ingezuzingela
Class 10 zizozingela ezizozingela zizozingela azizuzingela zingezuzingela
Class 11 luzozingela oluzozingela luzozingela aluzuzingela lungezuzingela
Class 14 buzozingela obuzozingela buzozingela abuzuzingela bungezuzingela
Class 15 kuzozingela okuzozingela kuzozingela akuzuzingela kungezuzingela
Class 17 kuzozingela okuzozingela kuzozingela akuzuzingela kungezuzingela
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyozingela engiyozingela ngiyozingela angiyuzingela ngingeyuzingela
2nd singular uyozingela oyozingela uyozingela awuyuzingela ungeyuzingela
1st plural siyozingela esiyozingela siyozingela asiyuzingela singeyuzingela
2nd plural niyozingela eniyozingela niyozingela aniyuzingela ningeyuzingela
Class 1 uyozingela oyozingela eyozingela akayuzingela engeyuzingela
Class 2 bayozingela abayozingela beyozingela abayuzingela bengeyuzingela
Class 3 uyozingela oyozingela uyozingela awuyuzingela ungeyuzingela
Class 4 iyozingela eyozingela iyozingela ayiyuzingela ingeyuzingela
Class 5 liyozingela eliyozingela liyozingela aliyuzingela lingeyuzingela
Class 6 ayozingela ayozingela eyozingela awayuzingela engeyuzingela
Class 7 siyozingela esiyozingela siyozingela asiyuzingela singeyuzingela
Class 8 ziyozingela eziyozingela ziyozingela aziyuzingela zingeyuzingela
Class 9 iyozingela eyozingela iyozingela ayiyuzingela ingeyuzingela
Class 10 ziyozingela eziyozingela ziyozingela aziyuzingela zingeyuzingela
Class 11 luyozingela oluyozingela luyozingela aluyuzingela lungeyuzingela
Class 14 buyozingela obuyozingela buyozingela abuyuzingela bungeyuzingela
Class 15 kuyozingela okuyozingela kuyozingela akuyuzingela kungeyuzingela
Class 17 kuyozingela okuyozingela kuyozingela akuyuzingela kungeyuzingela
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngizingele ngingazingeli
2nd singular uzingele ungazingeli
1st plural sizingele singazingeli
2nd plural nizingele ningazingeli
Class 1 azingele angazingeli
Class 2 bazingele bangazingeli
Class 3 uzingele ungazingeli
Class 4 izingele ingazingeli
Class 5 lizingele lingazingeli
Class 6 azingele angazingeli
Class 7 sizingele singazingeli
Class 8 zizingele zingazingeli
Class 9 izingele ingazingeli
Class 10 zizingele zingazingeli
Class 11 luzingele lungazingeli
Class 14 buzingele bungazingeli
Class 15 kuzingele kungazingeli
Class 17 kuzingele kungazingeli
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngazingela angizingela
2nd singular wazingela awuzingela
1st plural sazingela asizingela
2nd plural nazingela anizingela
Class 1 wazingela akazingela
Class 2 bazingela abazingela
Class 3 wazingela awuzingela
Class 4 yazingela ayizingela
Class 5 lazingela alizingela
Class 6 azingela awazingela
Class 7 sazingela asizingela
Class 8 zazingela azizingela
Class 9 yazingela ayizingela
Class 10 zazingela azizingela
Class 11 lwazingela aluzingela
Class 14 bazingela abuzingela
Class 15 kwazingela akuzingela
Class 17 kwazingela akuzingela

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]