šis

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See also: sis, SIS, -sis, sís, šīs, and şiş

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *ši-, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱi-, a mutated form of *ḱe- (this). (Note that, since Proto-Baltic regularly yields Latvian s, the original form of this pronoun must have been *sis; the initial š is probably the result of extension from other forms, like the masculine genitive singular šā < *syā < *siā). Cognates include Lithuanian šìs, Old Prussian schis, sis, Old Church Slavonic сь (), Russian сей (sej), Gothic 𐌷𐌹𐌼𐌼𐌰 (himma) (dative), Latin cis (this side of).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Pronoun[edit]

šis (demonstrative, proximal) (distal: tas)

  1. (used as a determiner) this
    šis ūdens ir netīrsthis water is dirty
    šī izrāde bija ļoti interesantathis show was very interesting
    šai miglā es nekā neredzu! — in this fog I don't (= can't) see anything!
  2. (used as a pronoun) this, this one
    šis ir zirgsthis is a horse
    šī ir vistathis is a chicken
    šis nekā neatbildējathis one (= person) answered nothing

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “šis” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7