αὐτός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain. Perhaps from αὖ (, back, again, other) + τόν (tón, the). Could also be from a Proto-Indo-European *h₂eutos, with cognates such as Gothic 𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃 (auþs).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

αὐτός (autósm, αὐτή f, αὐτό n; first/second declension; (autos)

  1. 3rd person personal pronoun: he, she, it, they
  2. Self: himself, herself, itself, themselves
  3. Same

Usage notes[edit]

The intended sense of αὐτός is generally defined by its grammatical context. When used as a lone nominal, it is generally the third person personal pronoun. When appended to a nominal and not possessing the definite article it is "self". When appended to a nominal and possessing the definite article, it is "same".

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  • Smyth, A Greek Grammar
  • Robert S. P. Beekes (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers