πρέσβυς

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally "one who leads cattle," from Proto-Indo-European *pres (before), extended form of *pre + *gʷōus (cattle). Cognates include Old Irish arsid, Sanskrit 'para', 'puráḥ', 'puraḥ-sthita-', 'purōgavá'[script?], and Old English fyrst (English first).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

πρέσβυς (presbusm

  1. elderly, aged
    1. (masculine substantive) old man
    2. (masculine substantive) elder, chief, prince
    3. (superlative) revered, honored
  2. ambassador
  3. (at Sparta) a political title, higher than γέρων (gerōn, senator): chief, president
    • Inscriptiones Laconiae 1237, 1326
  4. a name of the τρόχιλος (trokhilos, wren)
    1. a type of daw or chough

Usage notes[edit]

For the feminine, see πρέσβα (presba), πρέσβειρα (presbeira), πρεσβηίς (presbēis).

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]


Greek[edit]

Noun[edit]

πρέσβυς (présvysm (plural πρέσβεις, feminine πρέσβειρα)

  1. Katharevousa form of πρέσβης (présvis, ambassador)

Related terms[edit]

see: πρέσβης m (présvis, ambassador)