Русь

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Belarusian[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic.

Proper noun[edit]

Русь (Rusʹf inan

  1. Rus
  2. Kievan Rus
  3. Ruthenia, "Old Russia"

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Old East Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from Ruotsi, the Finnish name for Sweden, from Old Norse Roþrslandi (the land of rowing), older name of Roslagen, where the Finns and Swedes first met, from roðr (steering oar), from Proto-Germanic *rōaną (to row), from Proto-Indo-European *ere-, *h₁reh₁- (to row).[1]

The Old East Slavic (Old Russian) proper noun Русь is first recorded in the 12th-century Primary Chronicle. Older attestations of the same name in Greek, Latin and Arabic date to the 9th and 10th centuries.

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Русь (Rusĭf inan

  1. (collectively) Name of a group of Varangians, the ruling class in the principalities of Rus. [9th c.]
    • [1]
      Афетово же колѣно и то Варѧзи . Свеи . Оурманє . Готѣ . Русь . Аглѧнѣ . Галичанѣ . Волохове . Римлѧнѣ . Нѣмци . Корлѧзи . Венедици . Фрѧговѣ . и прочии присѣдѧть ѿ запада къ полуденью. и съсѣдѧтсѧ съ племенем̑ Хамовомъ.
      Afetovo že kolěno i to Varęzi . Svei . Urmane . Gotě . Rusĭ . Aglęně . Galičaně . Voloxove . Rimlęně . Němci . Korlęzi . Venedici . Fręgově . i pročii prisědętĭ otŭ zapada kŭ poludenĭju. i sŭsědętsę sŭ plemenem̑ Xamovomŭ.
      The offspring of Japheth were the Varangians, Swedes, Norsemen, Goths, Rusĭ, Angles, Galicians, Vlachs, Romans, Germans, Korlyazi ["Carolingians", i.e. Franks], Venetians, Fryazi [Italians, Genovese] and others. In the west they are ajacent to the southern countries, and neighbours with the Hamites.
    • s.a. 6370 (862)
      идоша за море к Варѧгом̑ . к Руси . сіце бо звахуть . ты Варѧ̑гы Русь . ꙗко се друзии зовутсѧ Свеє . друзии же Оурмани . Аньглѧне . инѣи и Готе . тако и си ркоша.
      idoša za more k Varęgom̑ . k Rusi . sice bo zvaxutĭ . ty Varę̑gy Rusĭ . jako se druzii zovutsę Svee . druzii že Urmani . Anĭglęne . iněi i Gote . tako i si rkoša.
      And they went overseas to the Varangians, to the Rusĭ. These particular Varangians were known as Rusĭ, just as some are called Swedes, and others Normans and Angles, and still others Gotlanders, for they were thus named.
  2. (collectively) Inhabitants of Rus; East Slavic people. [10–12th cc.]

Usage notes[edit]

Русь (Rusĭ) is the collective plural for the Varangian elite ruling Rus', the Old East Slavic state. A single individual is called a русинъ (rusinǔ), whence modern Russian русин (rusin, Ruthenian). While the Rus-Byzantine treaty of AD 911 is unclear on whether "Rus" refers just to the ruling elite or to the entire population, the treaty of 944 is explicit on the point that the "Rus" are "all people of the Rus land" (русьскаꙗ землꙗ (rusĭskaja zemlja)).

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Room, Adrian, Place Names of the World, 2nd ed., McFarland & Co., 2006.

Russian[edit]

Russian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ru

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Русь (Rusʹf inan (genitive Руси́)

  1. Rus
    на Руси́na Rusí ― in Rus (preposition "на", not "в" is used)
  2. (poetic) Russia
  3. Kievan Rus
  4. An umbrella term for the territory of modern Russia, Ukraine and Belarus, inhabited by the East Slavic Christian Orthodox people. Used until the 20th century.
  5. name of a St. Petersburg daily newspaper published from 1903 to 1908
  6. name of a special forces unit (ОСНАЗ) of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (formed 1994)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Preposition на (na) should be used to express the location, e.g. "на Руси́" - in Rus, in Russia.

Ukrainian[edit]

Ukrainian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia uk

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic.

Proper noun[edit]

Русь (Rusʹf inan (genitive Ру́сі or Русі́)

  1. Rus
  2. Kievan Rus
  3. Ruthenia

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]