Rus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: rus, rus', Rus., and RUS

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Earlier form Russ from German Russe etc., from Old East Slavic Русь (Rusĭ). More recent use influenced by Russian Русь (Rusʹ), from Old East Slavic Русь (Rusĭ). Use with macron influenced by transliteration of Arabic [script?] (Rūs).

Compare Russ, Russian, Russie, Russniak, Rusyn, Ruthenian.

Also compare Swedish Ryss, Dutch Rus, German Russe, French Russe, Byzantine Greek οί Ῥῶς (oi Rhōs), Russian Русь (Rus’), Belarusian Русь (Rus’), Ukrainian Русь (Rus’). Also compare Russian русский (rússkij, Ethnic Russian, of Rus), россиянин (rossijánin, Russian national), Россия (Rossíja, Russia).

See further Etymology of Rus and derivatives.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Rus (countable and uncountable; plural Rus)

  1. A people made up of Scandinavian warrior merchants who travelled Eastern European river-roads from the eighth century, and whose settlements around Kiev and the Dnieper gave rise to the Russian principalities. [from 19th c.]
    • 2009, Diarmaid MacCulloch, A History of Christianity, Penguin 2010, p. 504:
      In 860 the Rus’ streamed southwards and laid siege to Constantinople itself.
  2. The medieval East Slavic state established by these same warrior merchants in the 9th century, whose capital was first in Novgorod and then in Kiev; Kievan Rus.
  3. Any of the medieval East Slavic principalities ruled by this class, especially Kievan Rus.

Usage notes[edit]

This neutral term is used more often instead of Russia or medieval Russia, acknowledging that the Belarusian, Russian, and Ukrainian people share the heritage of Rus.

With this innovation, it is sometimes unclear how to replace the adjective Russian in the same context. Alternatives include using the attributive noun, as in “the Rus princes”, or rewriting to use “of Rus”. The nonstandard adjective Rusian is seen very rarely.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

Rus (plural Rus)

  1. A person from Rus.
    • 1959, Boris Dmitrievich Grekov, Kiev Rus, Foreign Languages Pub. House, p 244:
      And if a Rus hits a Greek, or a Greek a Rus with a sword, a spear or any other weapon, he shall pay five litres of silver for his offence, in accordance with Rus law; and if he be unable (insolvent—Author) his property shall be sold for the best price it fetches, including the very clothes . . .
    • 1959, Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Solov’ev, History of Russia from the Earliest Times [2000], v 3 (The Shift Northward: Kievan Rus, 1154–1228), p 223:
      If a Varangian claimed money from a Rus, or a Rus from a Varangian, and the debtor refused to pay, the plaintiff, accompanied by twelve witnesses, . . .
    • 1973, Donald W. Treadgold, The West in Russia and China: Religious and Secular Thought in Modern Times, v 1 (Russia, 1472–1917), ISBN 0521097258, p xxxv:
      The Church of Kievan Rus knew men well-versed in Scripture and apparently other learning of the time, such as the Metropolitans Ioann II (d. 1089) and Klimetn Smoliatich (twelfth century). The former was Greek, and the latter a Rus.

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

Rus m

  1. Russian (person)

Related terms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Rus m (plural Russen, diminutive Rusje n, feminine Russin)

  1. Russian
  2. (Bargoens) detective

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Rȕs m (Cyrillic spelling Ру̏с)

  1. Russian (male person)

Declension[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Rús m anim (genitive Rúsa, nominative plural Rúsi, feminine Rúsinja)

  1. Russian (male person)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

Rus

  1. A Russian person (nationality)