оба

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Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *oba, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂e(m)bʰoh₁, whence also Lithuanian abu, Latin ambo and Ancient Greek άμφω (ámphō).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

о́ба (óbam, n, о́бе f (óbe)

  1. both
Usage note: оба and обе in the nominative or accusative case govern the genitive singular of the noun. While the noun in a nominative construction is in the genitive singular following обa or обе, an intervening adjective will be in the genitive plural (if masculine or neuter) or nominative plural (if feminine). In the other cases, оба/обе and any intervening adjective must all agree with the case of the noun. The pattern is the same as that found with два.
But:
The masculine genitive singular form обоего is an anomaly that sees only limited use:

Declension[edit]

Masc. sg. Masc. & neuter pl. Fem. pl.
nominative о́ба о́бе
genitive обо́его обо́их обе́их
dative обо́им обе́им
accusative о́ба, обо́их о́бе, обе́их
instrumental обо́ими обе́ими
prepositional об обо́их об обе́их

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *oba

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ôba/
  • Hyphenation: о‧ба

Noun[edit]

о̏ба m, n (Latin spelling ȍba)

  1. both (for masculine and neuter pair)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]