եղունգն

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Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₃nogʰ- (*h₃nogʷʰ- or *h₃nogʰ-u-). Armenian presents phonological problems. Martirosyan proposes the following derivation chain: with secondary e-prothesis from Proto-Armenian *lungn, by dissimilation and loss of pretonic u- from *unúngn, through nasal anticipation from *unug-n, with a final nasal frequent in body-part terms (probably from Proto-Indo-European accusative *-m̥). See also մագիլ (magil). The meanings #2-4 developed on the model of Ancient Greek ὄνυξ (ónuks).

Noun[edit]

եղունգն (ełungn

  1. nail; claw, talon; hoof
  2. (figuratively) an instrument of a sculptor; scraper
  3. onyx (gem)
  4. a kind of aromatic substance

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • եղունգն in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • եղունգն in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • եղունգն in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 254