լուծանեմ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The root is լոյծ- (loyc-), from Proto-Indo-European *lewǵ- (to break), +‎ -ան- (-an-); cognate with Sanskrit रुजति (rujáti, to break open), Lithuanian láužti (to break).

Alternatively, from the Proto-Indo-European source of Ancient Greek λύω (lúō) and Latin luō (expiate, pay).

A contamination of both is possible.

Verb[edit]

լուծանեմ (lucanem)  (aorist indicative լուծի)

  1. (transitive) to loose, to untie, to unyoke, to unchain, to unbind, to undo; to dissolve, to decompose, to break; to dilute, to soften; to melt, to dissolve (something frozen); to solve (a riddle, a problem)
    լուծանել զերկունսlucanel zerkuns ― to free from the pains of labour, to cause to bring forth
    լուծանել զերկունս նորաlucanel zerkuns nora ― to be born of her
    լուծանել զքաղց, զքերանlucanel zkʿałcʿ, zkʿeran ― to breakfast, to take refreshment
    լուծանել զպահսlucanel zpahs ― to break one's fast
    լուծանել զոք ի կենցաղոյսlucanel zokʿ i kencʿałoys ― to take away a person's life, to kill, to slay, to murder
    լուծանել զկեանս աշխարհիս, զկեանս իւր, զկենցաղ մարդկանlucanel zkeans ašxarhis, zkeans iwr, zkencʿał mardkan ― to end one's days, to depart this life, to cease to live, to die
    լուծանել զմեղսlucanel zmełs ― to absolve, or remit sin
    լուծանել զդատակնիքlucanel zdataknikʿ ― to annul a sentence
    լուծանել զօրէնսlucanel zōrēns ― to violate the laws, to transgress
    լուծանել զշաբաթսlucanel zšabatʿs ― to break the Sabbath
    լուծանել զխաւարlucanel zxawar ― to shed a light in the darkness, to make darkness light
    վրէժս լուծանելvrēžs lucanel ― to be punished
    լուծանել զլեզուlucanel zlezu ― to untie the tongue, to cause to speak
    լուծանել զամուսնութիւնlucanel zamusnutʿiwn ― to dissolve a marriage
    լուծանել զարգանդ կուսին ի պղծութիւնlucanel zargand kusin i płcutʿiwn ― to deflower, to violate
    լուծանել զսէրն հայրենիlucanel zsērn hayreni ― to act in disregard of paternal love
    լուծանել զքուրձlucanel zkʿurj ― to open a sack
    լուծանել զորովայնlucanel zorovayn ― to loosen, or move the bowels; to purge
    զարժանին պատուհաս ելոյծ զյանցանացնzaržanin patuhas eloyc zyancʿanacʿn ― he met with the punishment his crimes deserved
  2. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to get loose, to become untied, to be dissolved, decomposed
    լուծանել ի վաւաշ ցանկութիւնսlucanel i vawaš cʿankutʿiwns ― to give up oneself entirely to luxury
    յարտասուս լուծանելyartasus lucanel ― to melt into tears
    լուծանել ի ծաղուէlucanel i całuē ― to laugh heartily
    լուծան պէտք նոցաlucan pētkʿ nocʿa ― their wants were provided for
  3. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to languish, to fall off, to flag; to grow soft or slack
  4. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to be consumed, to waste away; to die
    լուծանել ի կենաց, յաշխարհէlucanel i kenacʿ, yašxarhē ― to cease to live, to die
    լուծանել ի շոգիlucanel i šogi ― to evaporate
  5. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to lodge with, to stop, to stay, to pass the night
  6. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to be dismissed, deposed (from an office)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • լուծանեմ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • լուծանեմ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • լոյծ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 311