քաղաք

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian քաղաք (kʿałakʿ); see it for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

քաղաք (kʿałakʿ)

  1. city; town

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

In compounds the word often corresponds to English polit- and Russian полито- (polito-), both from Ancient Greek πόλις (polis).


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Akkadian [script?] (Kalakh, ancient city capital of Assyria on the Tigris) [script?], called Calah in the Bible. An Iranian etymology has also been suggested.

Noun[edit]

քաղաք (kʿałakʿ) (singular genitive քաղաքի, plural genitive քաղաքաց)

  1. town, city
    թագաւորեալ քաղաքtʿagaworeal kʿałakʿ — royal or capital city
    մայր քաղաքացmayr kʿałakʿacʿ — metropolis, capital
    ի քաղաքս քաղաքս, ընդ քաղաքաց քաղաքաց, քաղաքի քաղաքիi kʿałakʿs kʿałakʿs, ənd kʿałakʿacʿ kʿałakʿacʿ, kʿałakʿi kʿałakʿi — in every city or town, every where
    քաղաքէ ի քաղաքkʿałakʿē i kʿałakʿ — from one town to another
    արտաքս քան զքաղաքնartakʿs kʿan zkʿałakʿn — out of town
    բնակիչք քաղաքիbnakičʿkʿ kʿałakʿi — townspeople, townsfolk
    վիճակ, սահման քաղաքիvičak, sahman kʿałakʿi — township

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • քաղաք in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • քաղաք in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • քաղաք in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University