בן

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *bin-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Modern Israeli) IPA(key): /ben/

Noun[edit]

בֵּן (bénm (plural indefinite form בָּנִים, singular construct form בֶּן־, plural construct form בְּנֵי־; feminine counterpart בַּת)

  1. A son.
  2. (chiefly biblical) A direct male descendant.
    בן אדםbén-adám — a human [literally a son of Adam]
  3. A guy, a boy.
  4. (no longer productive, construct only) Someone who possesses (the specified object).
    בן דעתbén dáat — someone legally competent [literally a son of intelligence]
    בן תורהbén torá — someone devoted to the Torah [literally a son of Torah]
  5. (construct only) Used in expressing the age of a man, a boy, or the referent of a masculine noun: age, aged.
    הוא בן שש.bén shésh. — He is six years old. [literally, a son of six]
  6. (בֶּן־, bén-) Singular construct form of בן‎.
  7. (בִּן־, bín-) Singular construct form of בן; found only in certain expressions.
    יְהֹושֻׁעַ בִּן־נוּןy'hoshúa bín-nún — Joshua, son of Nun
Usage notes[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ב־ו־ן

Verb[edit]

בָּן (bán) (pa'ál construction)

  1. (rare, archaic) to understand.
    • Psalms 5:2, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      אֲמָרַי הַאֲזִינָה יהוה בִּינָה הֲגִיגִי
      'amaráy ha'azína YHVH bína hagigí
      Give ear to my words, O LORD, consider my meditation.

Etymology 3[edit]

Preposition[edit]

‎‎בָּן (ban)

  1. (poetic or archaic) Form of בְּ־ (b'-) including third-person feminine plural personal pronoun as object.