פן

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Hebrew[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Modern Israeli) IPA(key): /pen/

Conjunction[edit]

פֶּן (pen)

  1. Lest, [in order] thatnot, for otherwise; used in constructing warnings.
    • Exodus 20:19, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      וַיֹּֽאמְרוּ֙ אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֔ה דַּבֵּר־אַתָּ֥ה עִמָּ֖נוּ וְנִשְׁמָ֑עָה וְאַל־יְדַבֵּ֥ר עִמָּ֛נוּ אֱלֹהִ֖ים פֶּן־נָמֽוּת׃
      vayom'rú 'el-moshé dabér-'atá 'imánu v'nishmá'a v'al-y'dabér 'imánu 'elohím pen-namút.
      And they said unto Moses: 'Speak thou with us, and we will hear; but let not God speak with us, lest we die.'
    • Jeremiah 6:8, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      הִוָּֽסְרִי֙ יְר֣וּשָׁלִַ֔ם פֶּן־תֵּקַ֥ע נַפְשִׁ֖י מִמֵּ֑ךְ פֶּן־אֲשִׂימֵ֣ךְ שְׁמָמָ֔ה אֶ֖רֶץ ל֥וֹא נוֹשָֽׁבָה׃
      hivasrí y'rushalám pen-teiká nafshí mimékh, pen-asimékh sh'mamá éretz lo noshavá.
      Be thou corrected, O Jerusalem, lest My soul be alienated from thee, lest I make thee desolate, a land not inhabited.

Usage notes[edit]

  • As may be seen in the quotation above, in the Masoretic tradition this conjunction is attached to the following word with a hyphen (or more properly a maqaf).
  • The clause introduced by פן is nearly always in the future tense (imperfect aspect, prefix conjugation).

References[edit]