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Classical Syriac[edit]


Compare Arabic كَنَف (kanaf) and Hebrew כָּנָף (kānāᵽ). The sense of "pterygium" is a calque of Ancient Greek πτερύγιον (pterúgion).


  • IPA(key): [kɛn(ə)fɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [kɛn(ə)fe(ʔ)], [kɛn(ə)fɑθɑ(ʔ)] (plural)


ܟܢܦܐ f (plural ܟܢܦܬܐ ,ܟܢܦܐ)

  1. side, edge, border, outer part
  2. wing
  3. (anatomy) lap, bosom, arms
  4. (sewing) flap, hem; skirt, cloak
  5. (geography) bay, gulf
  6. covering, overshadowing, protection
  7. pinnacle, peak
  8. (architecture) battlement, merlon
  9. (military) wing of an army
  10. vessel for flour
  11. (medicine) pterygium


Derived terms[edit]


  • "knp" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, p. 158a
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, pp. 218b-219a
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, p. 636a-b