हृदय

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हृदय

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit हृदय (hṛdaya), from Proto-Indo-Iranian, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱḗr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

हृदय (hŕdaymUrdu spelling ہردی

  1. (anatomy) heart
    रोगी का हृदय अभी भी धड़क रहा है।
    The patient's heart is still beating.
    मेरा बाप का हृदय बहुत दुर्बल है।
    My father has a very weak heart.
    उसकी वाणी ने मेरे हृदय को छू दिया।
    His speech touched my heart.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • हृदय in Bahri, Hardev (1989), Learners' Hindi-English dictionary (Delhi: Rajpal & Sons)
  • हृदय in Chaturvedi, Mahendra and Bhola Nath Tiwari (1970), A practical Hindi-English dictionary (Delhi: National Publishing House)

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian (compare Avestan 𐬰𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬛𐬁 (zərədā)), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱr̥d-, oblique case stem of *ḱḗr (heart). Cognates include Ancient Greek καρδία (kardía), Hittite 𒆠𒅕 (kir), Old Church Slavonic срьдьцє (srьdьce), Latin cor and Old English heorte (English heart).

Adjective[edit]

हृदय (hṛ́daya)

  1. going to the heart

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

हृदय (hṛ́dayan

  1. the heart
    • RV 6.53.8c
      यां पूषन बरह्मचोदनीमारां बिभर्ष्याघ्र्णे |
      तया समस्य हर्दयमा रिख किकिरा कर्णु ||
      yāṃ pūṣan brahmacodanīmārāṃ bibharṣyāghṛṇe |
      tayā samasya hṛdayamā rikha kikirā kṛṇu ||
      Thou, glowing Pūṣan, carriest an awl that urges men to prayer;
      Therewith do thou tear up and rend to shreds the heart of every one.
  2. soul, mind, spirit (as the seat of mental operations)
    • RV 6.9.6b
      वि मे कर्णा पतयतो वि चक्षुर्वीदं जयोतिर्ह्र्दय आहितं यत |
      वि मे मनश्चरति दूराधीः किं सविद वक्ष्यामिकिमु नू मनिष्ये ||
      vi me karṇā patayato vi cakṣurvīdaṃ jyotirhṛdaya āhitaṃ yat |
      vi me manaścarati dūraādhīḥ kiṃ svid vakṣyāmikimu nū maniṣye ||
      Mine ears unclose to hear, mine eye to see him; the light that harbours in my spirit broadens.
      Far roams my mind whose thoughts are in the distance. What shall I speak, what shall I now imagine?
  3. the heart or interior of the body
  4. the heart or centre or core or essence or best or dearest or most secret part of anything
  5. true or divine knowledge
  6. the Veda
  7. science

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 1302
  • Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 380
  • Horace Hayman Wilson, A dictionary in Sanscrit and English, 2nd ed., Calcutta: Education Press, Circular Road, 1832, page 978
  • Carl Capeller, A Sanskrit-English dictionary, based upon the St. Petersburg lexicons, London: Luzac & Co., 1891, page 666