メンチを切る

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Phrase composed of メンチ (menchi, various possible derivations; see below) + (o, object particle) + 切る (kiru, to cut something, to cut across something, to break something; to do something boldly).

Unknown derivation. メンチ (menchi) on its own generally means mince, as in mincemeat, ground meat.[1][2] That does not fit this idiom, however.

One explanation is that メンチ (menchi) is an alteration of メンタ, as found in the synonymous Kansai expression メンタを切る (menta o kiru). In this, menta is an alteration of (me no tama, eyeball): /me no tama//mentama//menta/. The standard term 目玉 (medama, eyeball) is also used metaphorically to mean a glare, a stare; a scolding; compare English hairy eyeball, to eye. In this case, the phrase could be parsed as: menta o kiru → “to boldy eyeball someone” → “to glare in challenge”.

Phonetically, however, there is no clear mechanism for メンタ (menta) to change into メンチ (menchi). A more likely phonetic origin might be 面子 (mentsu, face, honor). In this case, the phrase could be parsed as: menchi o kiru → “to cut / break someone else's honor” → “to glare in challenge”.

The derivation may be a combination of the above, where menta may have been influenced by mentsu to become menchi.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [mẽ̞ɴt͡ɕi o̞ kiɾ̠ɯᵝ]

Alternative forms[edit]

Idiom[edit]

メンチ切る (hiragana and katakana メンチをきる, romaji menchi o kiru)

  1. (Kansai, slang) to stare or glare in challenge; by extension, to pick a fight
    • 2013, 我龍真吾逮捕/大麻汚染はなぜつづく (Garyū Shingo Taiho / Taima Osen wa Naze Tsuzuku, “Shingo Garyū Arrest: Why Does Marijuana Pollution Continue?”; in Japanese), All About, Inc.; text here
      我龍はM-1ミドル級王者のスタイルを保持(逮捕後の27日に返上)、K-1MAXを始めキック各団体に参戦。元暴走族という“前歴”を売りに、金髪に染めたヘアスタイルに、特攻服のヤンキースタイルで入場、対戦前には相手にメンチを切る(にらみ合う)という不良パフォーマンスで人気を博した名物選手。
      がりゅうはM-1ミドルきゅうおうじゃのスタイルをほじ(たいほごのにじゅうしちにちにへんじょう)、K-1MAXをはじめキックかくだんたいにさんせん。もとぼうそうぞくという“ぜんれき”をうりに、きんぱつにそめたヘアスタイルに、とっこうふくのヤンキースタイルでにゅうじょう、たいせんぜんにはあいてにメンチをきる(にらみあう)というふりょうパフォーマンスでにんきをはくしためいぶつせんしゅ。
      Garyū wa M-1 midoru-kyū ōja no sutairu o hoji (taiho-go no nijūshichi-nichi ni henjō), K-1MAX o hajime kikku kaku-dantai ni sansen. Moto bōsōzoku to iu "zenreki" o uri ni, kinpatsu ni someta hea sutairu ni, tokkō-fuku no yankī sutairu de nyūjō, taisen-zen ni wa aite ni menchi o kiru (niramiau) to iu furyō pafōmansu de ninki o hakushita meibutsu senshu.
      Garyū styled himself as the king of middle-weight M-1 (returning on the 27th [the day] after his arrest), and competed in K-1 MAX and the other kickboxing leagues. He was a famous competitor who gained popularity for his bad-boy performance, playing up his "past history" as a former biker gang member, with his hair dyed blond, coming into the ring wearing his gang regalia, and glaring a challenge out into the crowd before a match.

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9