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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from .

Han character[edit]

(radical 1 +6, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一廿金竹 (MTCH))

  1. strict, rigorous, rigid
  2. stern

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (嚴), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 嚴
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 語𩏩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɨɐm/ /ŋi̯ɐm/ /ŋiɐm/ /ŋiɐm/ /ŋɨam/ /ŋĭɐm/ /ŋiɐm/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yán ‹ ngjaem › /*ŋ(r)am/ stern, majestic

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3692 1 /*ŋam/