勝負

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 3

Grade: 3
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

勝負 (hiragana しょうぶ, romaji shōbu)

  1. game or match
    • 1933, 戸坂潤, 社会時評:
      国際競争 (こくさいきょうそう) (かぎ)らず、勝負 (しょうぶ)機会均等 (きかいきんとう)でなければならぬ。
      kokusai kyōsō ni kagirazu, shōbu wa kikai kintō de nakereba naranu.
      There must be equal opportunity in all games, not only international competitions.
  2. victory or defeat, the outcome of a match
    • 1907, 夏目漱石, 虞美人草:
      勝負 (しょうぶ)はすでについた。
      Shōbu wa sude ni tsuita.
      The outcome was already decided.

Verb[edit]

勝負 + する (intransitive, hiragana しょうぶする, romaji shōbu suru)

  1. have a match

Conjugation[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

simpl. 胜负
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin shèngfù
Zhuyin ㄕㄥˋ ㄈㄨˋ
IPA (key) /ʂɤŋ⁵¹⁻⁵³ fu⁵¹/

Noun[edit]

勝負 (traditional, Pinyin shèngfù, simplified 胜负)

  1. (literary) victory or defeat