外国人

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See also: 外國人

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
がい
Grade: 2
こく
Grade: 2
じん
Grade: 1
on'yomi
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Etymology[edit]

gwaikokujin > gaikokujin. Literally foreign country + person.

Noun[edit]

外国人 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 外國人, hiragana がいこくじん, romaji gaikokujin)

  1. a person from a foreign country; an alien, a foreign national
    • 1235-1238: 正法眼蔵随聞記 (page 317)
      予、在宋ノ時、天童淨和尚、侍者ニ請ズルニ云ク、「外國人タリトイヘドモ、元子器量人ナリ。」ト云テコレヲ請ズ。予、堅ク是ヲ辭ス。其故ハ、「和國ニキコヱンタメモ、學道ノ稽古ノタメモ大切ナレドモ、衆中ニ具眼ノ人アリテ、外國人トシテ大叢林ノ侍者タランコト、國ニ人ナキガ如シト難ズルコトアラン、尤モハヅベシ。」トイヽテ[...]
  2. a person who is not Japanese
    • 1875: 文明論之概略 (page 18)
      譬えば頑固なる士民は外国人を悪むを以て常とせり。又学者流の人にても少しく見識ある者は外人の挙動を見て決して心酔するに非ず,之を悦ばざるの心は彼の頑民に異なることなしと云うも可なり。

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

(wai4, “outer/outside/opposite of central”) + / (guo2, “kingdom/country”) + (ren2, “person”)

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin wàiguórén
Zhuyin ㄨㄞˋ ㄍㄨㄛˊ ㄖㄣˊ
IPA (key) /u̯aɪ̯⁵¹ ku̯ɔ³⁵ ʐən³⁵/

Noun[edit]

外国人 (simplified, Pinyin wàiguórén, traditional 外國人)

  1. foreigner, foreign national, alien
  2. person who is not Chinese

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • ACME Practical English-Chinese Dictionary 英漢字典 (世一1996)
  • Oxford Chinese Minidictionary (Oxford:2001)
  • Times English-Chinese Dictionary 英汉词典 (Federal:1996)
  • Lin Yutang's Chinese-English Dictionary of Modern Usage 林語堂 當代漢英詞典 (The Chinese University of Hong Kong:1972)
  • Reading & Writing Chinese by William McNaughton (Tuttle:1979)
  • Far East 3000 Chinese Character Dictionary 遠東漢字三千字典 (Far East:2003)