懈怠

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Chinese[edit]

lax; negligent
 
idle; lazy; negligent; careless
simp. and trad.
(懈怠)

Pronunciation[edit]


Adjective[edit]

懈怠

  1. slack, sluggish

Verb[edit]

懈怠

  1. to relax, to slack off

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
かい
Hyōgaiji
たい
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 懈怠 (X doiX, literally idle + negligent). The kan'on, so likely a later borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

懈怠 (hiragana かいたい, romaji kaitai)

  1. (law) laches: a kind of lapse wherein an opposing party has neglected to invoke its rights within a certain period of time
  2. (civil law) negligence
  3. laziness, idleness, carelessness
Usage notes[edit]

The Japanese Wikipedia article 懈怠 (法学) describing the legal laches and negligence senses uses the ketai reading. However, dictionaries tend to list kaitai as the primary reading for the legal senses.[1][2]

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja Wikipedia
Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
たい
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 懈怠 (X doiX, literally idle + negligent). A mixed reading, so likely a later development within Japanese. Uses the goon of ke for the first half, and the kan'on of tai for the second half.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

懈怠 (hiragana けたい, romaji ketai)

  1. laziness, idleness, carelessness
  2. (law) laches: a kind of lapse wherein an opposing party has neglected to invoke its rights within a certain period of time
  3. (civil law) negligence
  4. (Buddhism) spiritual slothfulness: kausidya
Usage notes[edit]

The kedai reading below is more common for the Buddhist spiritual slothfulness sense.

Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

懈怠 + する (hiragana けたいする, romaji ketai suru)

  1. to be lazy, to be careless
Conjugation[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
だい
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 懈怠 (X doiX, literally idle + negligent). The goon, so likely the original borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

懈怠 (hiragana けだい, romaji kedai)

  1. (Buddhism) spiritual slothfulness: kausidya
  2. laziness, idleness, carelessness
Usage notes[edit]

The ketai reading above is more common for the laziness sense.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0