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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from ; compare .

Han character[edit]

(radical 108 +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 中戈月廿 (LIBT))

  1. supervise, control, direct

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (監), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 銜
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 谷銜切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣam/ /kam/ /kam/ /kɯam/ /kaɨm/ /kam/ /kam/
Character (監), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 銜
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 格懺切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣamH/ /kamH/ /kamH/ /kɯamH/ /kaɨmH/ /kamH/ /kamH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiān ‹ kaem › /*[k]ˤram/ inspect

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6103 1 /*kraːm/ 鑑初文,象人俯視皿水察容(林義光陳獨秀說),非形聲字

Compounds[edit]