窄める

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō
See also 窄まる

Etymology 1[edit]

The transitive form of 窄む (subomu, to become tapered, pulled together, scrunched up), from the adjective 窄い (suboi, tapered, pulled together, scrunched up) + verb suffix (mu, to be like, to become like).

Root stem /subo-/ is semantically and phonetically similar to root /ɕibo/ (a pucker or wrinkle; see (shibo)).

Verb[edit]

窄める (transitive, ichidan conjugation, hiragana すぼめる, romaji subomeru)

  1. to make something become tapered, pulled together, scrunched up:
    1. to shut or fold (an umbrella)
    2. to shrug (one's shoulders)
    3. to pucker or purse (one's lips)
Usage notes[edit]

/subomeru/ and /tsubomeru/ are mostly identical, differing in connotation: /subomeru/ implies bringing together or scrunching up something that was broad and spreading, as in cloth or one's mouth; whereas /tsubomeru/ implies closing down or narrowing something that was open wide, as an umbrella. This distinction is minor, however.

Conjugation[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

The transitive form of 窄む (tsubomu, to be narrowed, scrunched up), probably as a shift from /subomu/ influenced by 蕾む / 莟む (tsubomu, to form a bud), ultimately from root /t͡subo/ (a container, a vessel) + verb suffix (mu, to be like, to become like): see (tsubo, a vessel, a basin, a container).

Verb[edit]

窄める (transitive, ichidan conjugation, hiragana つぼめる, romaji tsubomeru)

  1. to narrow something, to scrunch something up:
    1. to shut or fold (an umbrella)
    2. to shrug (one's shoulders)
    3. to pucker or purse (one's lips)
Usage notes[edit]

/subomeru/ and /tsubomeru/ are mostly identical, differing in connotation: /subomeru/ implies bringing together or scrunching up something that was broad and spreading, as in cloth or one's mouth; whereas /tsubomeru/ implies closing down or narrowing something that was open wide, as an umbrella. This distinction is minor, however.

Conjugation[edit]
See also[edit]