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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 107 +10, 15 strokes, cangjie input 心山木竹水 (PUDHE), four-corner 24447)

  1. wrinkles, creases, folds

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 791, character 46
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22899
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1207, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2757, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+76BA

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Jyutping zau3, Yale jau3)

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Origins unclear. Possibly related to (sabi, rust, oxidation), from the way the surface of something changes.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana さび, romaji sabi)

  1. a pattern of cracks and wrinkles on the surface of an 烏帽子 (eboshi, traditional Japanese formal black hat) formed as the black lacquer dries
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably from stem /shiwo/ of verb /shiworu/ → /shioru/ (萎る, 撓る: to make something wither and wrinkle).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しぼ, romaji shibo)

  1. a pattern of cracks and wrinkles on the surface of an 烏帽子 (eboshi, traditional Japanese formal black hat) formed as the black lacquer dries
  2. a pattern of puckers and bulges in a cloth, caused by the warp and woof of the material
  3. a similar pattern of puckers and bulges formed on the surface of paper or leather

Etymology 3[edit]

Probably from stem /shiwa/ of verb /shiwaru/ (撓る: to sag, as something elastic that has lost its bounce).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しぼ, romaji shibo)

  1. wrinkles in skin, paper, cloth, or some other surface
  2. ripples on the surface of water
  3. a pattern of cracks and wrinkles on the surface of an 烏帽子 (eboshi, traditional Japanese formal black hat) formed as the black lacquer dries
Idioms[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chu) (hangeul , revised chu, McCune-Reischauer ch'u, Yale chwu)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin zhòu (zhou4), Wade-Giles chou4), zhou1

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trứu, nhíu, )

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