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See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
贝-order.gif
simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from

Han character[edit]

(radical 154 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 月人 (BO))

  1. seashell
  2. money, currency

Usage notes[edit]

Also simplified in .

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 1213, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36656
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3622, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8D1D

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (貝), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 泰
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 愽蓋切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɑiH/ /pɑiH/ /pɑiH/ /pɑiH/ /pajH/ /pɑiH/ /pɑiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
bèi ‹ pajH › /*pˤa[t]-s/ cowry shell

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
415 1 /*paːds/

Noun[edit]

  1. shellfish, cowrie
  2. (archaic) money, currency

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]