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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
貝-order.gif
Stroke order
貝-bw.png
simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

貝 貝 貝 貝
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Cowries were used as money in ancient China (Shell money).

Han character[edit]

(radical 154 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 月山金 (BUC), four-corner 60800)

  1. sea shell
  2. money, currency (shell-money)
  3. a surname

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1204, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36656
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1665, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3622, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8C9D

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Jyutping bui3, Yale bui3)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ pùi, -pì, Guangdong pui5; pi5, pwi5 [Meixian], pui5, pi5 [Kwangtung, Siyan], Hagfa Pinyim bi4, bui4)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かい, romaji kai)

  1. a shellfish

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(pae)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: pae, McCune-Reischauer: p'ae, Yale: phay)
  • Name (hangeul): 조개 (revised: jogae)

Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin bèi (bei4), Wade-Giles pei4)

Noun[edit]

(traditional, Pinyin bèi, simplified )

  1. shellfish, cowrie
  2. (archaic) money, currency

Proper noun[edit]

(traditional, Pinyin Bèi, simplified )

  1. a Chinese surname

Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*bɑ̀i)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA puè (pue3))

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bối, buổi, bói, búi, với, mấy, mới, vuối)