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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
貝-order.gif
Stroke order
貝-bw.png
simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

貝 貝 貝 貝
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Cowries were used as money in ancient China (Shell money).

Han character[edit]

(radical 154 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 月山金 (BUC), four-corner 60800)

  1. sea shell
  2. money, currency (shell-money)
  3. a surname

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1204, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36656
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1665, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3622, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8C9D

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (貝), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 泰
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 愽蓋切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɑiH/ /pɑiH/ /pɑiH/ /pɑiH/ /pajH/ /pɑiH/ /pɑiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
bèi ‹ pajH › /*pˤa[t]-s/ cowry shell

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
415 1 /*paːds/

Noun[edit]

  1. shellfish, cowrie
  2. (archaic) money, currency

Proper noun[edit]

(traditional, Pinyin Bèi)

  1. a Chinese surname

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かい, romaji kai)

  1. a shellfish

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(pae)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: pae, McCune-Reischauer: p'ae, Yale: phay)
  • Name (hangeul): 조개 (revised: jogae)
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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bối, buổi, bói, búi, với, mấy, mới, vuối)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.