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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (fish) + phonetic  – a kind of fish.

Found in ancient Chinese as corruption of (changing to ) and originally meaning a kind of catfish. Later, independently coined in Edo period Japan in word 鮟鱇 (ankō, monkfish) from ateji 安康 (ankō) by adding the (fish) radical to each of the ateji characters.[1] As found in Chinese, not considered a Japanese kokuji coinage, though is kokuji, as it is not found in Chinese. Subsequently borrowed into Chinese from Japanese, both in compound 鮟鱇[2] and as isolated .[3]

Han character[edit]

(radical 195 +6, 17 strokes, cangjie input 弓火十女 (NFJV))

  1. anglerfish

References[edit]

  1. ^ アンコウ: 語源, Japanese Wikipedia
  2. ^ 黄鮟鱇, NCIKU dictionary
  3. ^ , MDBG dictionary

Japanese[edit]

鮟鱇(ankō)

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. anglerfish, monkfish

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Only found in compounds. Not used in isolation.


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(an) (hangeul , revised an, McCune-Reischauer an, Yale an)

  1. (아귀) monkfish

Synonyms[edit]

  • (안, gang)

Compounds[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin àn (an4), Wade-Giles an4)

  1. an anglerfish