닫다

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Korean[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as 닫다 (Yale: tat ·ta). Passive form: 닫히다 (dathida, “to be closed”). Compare 다물다 (damulda, “to shut (one's mouth)”).

Verb[edit]

닫다 (datda) (infinitive 닫아, sequential 닫으니)

  1. to close; to shut
  2. (of business) to close; to close down, to shut down
  3. to shut (one's mouth)
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as 다 (Yale: tot ·ta).

Miller (1996) argued that this was from Altaic *tär₂- (compare Old Turkic täz-, Chuvash tar- (tar-), Mongolian tergele-). Starostin (2003, pg. 1466) connected this to Altaic *t`otá-, whence also Tungus-Manchu *tut[a]- ("to run"), whence Evenki tutu- ("to crawl away")) and Japanese ただよう (漂う, tadayō, "to float"). The very concept of Proto-Altaic is, however, controversial.

Causative form: 달리다 (dallida, “to run”).

Verb[edit]

닫다 (datda) (infinitive 달아, sequential 달으니)

  1. to run, to rush
Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  • Miller, Roy Andrew. Languages and History: Japanese, Korean, and Altaic. Oslo: Institute for Comparative Research in Human Culture, 1996.