-issimus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *-mHo-, cognate to Proto-Germanic *-umô[1] (whence English -most), via Italo-Celtic *-ism̥mo-, *-isemo-.[2] Various sound changes and contractions led to various forms, including -imus, -īmus, -ēmus, as evidenced by irregular superlatives.

Suffix[edit]

-issimus -issima, -issimum

  1. added to adjectives to form superlative

Usage notes[edit]

Typically added to the adjective's genitive stem. Adjectives that end in -er instead take the suffix -rimus (e.g. liber > liberrimus). Some adjectives have irregular superlatives, e.g., bonus, optimus; malus, pessimus; magnus, maximus.

Coordinate terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Guus Kroonen (2013), Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers
  2. ^ Sihler