Appendix:Romanian nouns

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Romanian nouns come in three genders, two numbers and (technically) 5 cases.

  • Genders
    • Masculine
    • Feminine
    • Neuter
  • Numbers
    • Singular
    • Plural
  • Cases
    • Nominative/Accusatve
    • Genitive/Dative
    • Vocative

Gender[edit]

Masculine[edit]

Main article: Appendix:Romanian noun declension/Masculine

Feminine[edit]

Main article: Appendix:Romanian noun declension/Feminine

Neuter[edit]

Main article: Appendix:Romanian noun declension/Neuter

Neuter nouns are slightly peculiar in that there is no set of words (articles, adjectives, etc.) designated to their use. Instead, they use masculine words in the singular and feminine words in the plural.

singular plural
m un bărbat frumos
a beautiful man
doi bărbaţi frumoşi
two beautiful men
n un lucru frumos
a beautiful thing
două lucruri frumoase
two beautiful things
f o femeie frumoasă
a beautiful woman
două femei frumoase
two beautiful women

Number[edit]

Plurals in Romanian end in -i, -uri or -e. See individual genders' declension appendices for more details.

Article[edit]

Although a separate part of speech, the article must be mentioned in any description of nouns due to the fact that the definite article is not, itself, a seperate word in Romanian.

Indefinite[edit]

indefinite article forms singular plural
m / n f
nom/acc un o niște
gen/dat unui unei unor

The indefinite article has 6 forms total: 3 nominative/accusative forms and 3 genitive dative forms. Each case has 2 singular forms (one for masculine/neuter and one for feminine) and one form for all plurals.

Definite[edit]

The definite article in Romanian is enclitic, meaning that it is attached to the end of the word.

definite clitics singular plural
m / n f m f / n
nom/acc -l (or -le) -a -i -le
gen/dat -lui -ei (or -ii) -lor -lor

Case[edit]

Nominative/Accusative[edit]

Nominative[edit]

The nominative case corresponds to the subject of the sentence in English.

Accusative[edit]

The accusative case corresponds partly to English's objective case. It marks the direct object of a verb, rather than the indirect object (which is handled by the dative case.)

Genitive/Dative[edit]

A peculiarity in this case is that feminine singular nouns take their plural forms.

masculine feminine
nom/acc gen/dat nom/acc gen/dat
singular indefinite un bărbat unui bărbat o femeie unei femei
definite bărbatul bărbatului femeia femeii
plural indefinite nişte bărbaţi unor bărbaţi nişte femei unor femei
definite bărbaţii bărbaţilor femeile femeilor

Genitive[edit]

The genitive case indicates possession.

Dative[edit]

The dative case corresponds partly to English's objective case. It marks the indirect object of a verb, rather than the direct object (which is handled by the accusative case.)

Vocative[edit]

The vocative does not correspond to a particular case in English. It is used when addressing someone. It is not incredibly common and can be replaced by the nominative form in most cases.

Appendices[edit]