Category:Old English class 3 strong verbs

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» Old English language » Lemmas » Verbs » Verbs by inflection type » Strong verbs » Class 3 strong verbs

Verbs where the ablaut vowel was followed by a sonorant (m, n, l, r) and another consonant in Proto-Indo-European.[edit]


There are two subclasses: class IIIa consists of verbs with m or n following the vowel, IIIb consists of the remainder. Class IIIb verbs may have various different vowels because of breaking in Old English.

The vowel pattern is:

Form Class IIIa Class IIIb
+r,h +l g,c,sc+ others
Present tense -i- -eo- -e- -ie- -e-
Past singular ind. -a- -ea- -ea- -ea- -æ-
Past general -u- -u- -u- -u- -u-
Past participle -u- -o- -o- -o- -o-