Borrowing from French aileron, diminutive of aile (“wing”), also refers to the extremities of a bird's wings used to control their flight. It first appeared in print in the 7th edition of Cassell's French-English Dictionary of 1877, with its lead meaning of "small wing". In the context of powered airplanes it appears in print about 1908, in the French aviation journal L'Aérophile.
aileron (plural ailerons)
aileron m (plural ailerons)
- (anatomy) fin (of some fish)
- (anatomy) flipper (of penguins and other animals)
- spoiler (of an automobile)