asinus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Recent loanword, as shown by intact intervocalic -s- which otherwise rhotacized to -r- in native words. Formally incompatible with Ancient Greek ὄνος (ónos). Just like other IE words for "ass", asinus traces back to an unknown source in Asia Minor (cf. Hieroglyphic Luwian tarkasna, Sumerian 𒀲 (anšu)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

asinus m (genitive asinī); second declension

  1. a donkey, an ass
  2. (figuratively) an ass, an idiot, a dolt, a simpleton, a blockhead
    Neque ego homines magis asinos umquam vidi.(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    Quid nunc te, asine, litteras doceam? Non opus est verbis, sed fustibus.(please add an English translation of this usage example)

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative asinus asinī
genitive asinī asinōrum
dative asinō asinīs
accusative asinum asinōs
ablative asinō asinīs
vocative asine asinī

Derived terms[edit]

  • asinus in tegulis (of an odd appearance; literally: a donkey on roof tiles)
  • asinus ad lyram (of an awkward man; literally: the donkey at the lyre)
  • sepulturā asini sepelietur (of a contemptible and unworthy man, that somebody will not merit any kind of burial; literally: he will be buried in a donkey's grave)

Descendants[edit]

Adjective[edit]

asinus m (feminine asina, neuter asinum); first/second declension

  1. ass, donkey (attributive)
  2. stupid, asinine

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case \ Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative asinus asina asinum asinī asinae asina
genitive asinī asinae asinī asinōrum asinārum asinōrum
dative asinō asinae asinō asinīs asinīs asinīs
accusative asinum asinam asinum asinōs asinās asina
ablative asinō asinā asinō asinīs asinīs asinīs
vocative asine asina asinum asinī asinae asina

References[edit]

  • Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 57