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Proto-Indo-European *ken- (dust, ashes). Akin to Ancient Greek κόνις (kónis, dust, ash), Sanskrit कण (kaṇa, particle, small grain of dust or rice).



cinis m (genitive cineris); third declension

  1. cold ashes
  2. (figuratively) ruins of a burned city

Usage notes[edit]

The word cinis is used for cold, heavy ashes, while favilla is used for glowing, light ashes.

Sometimes, the plural form cinerēs seems as if it is written like a neuter noun with an -a ending: cinera. An example of this is found on Antonio Gramsci's tomb inscription, which reads, Cenera Antonii Gramscii, literally meaning "The ashes of Antonio Gramsci." This is because cinera is the plural form of a less-often used Latin word for ashes, cinus, cineris.


Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative cinis cinerēs
genitive cineris cinerum
dative cinerī cineribus
accusative cinerem cinerēs
ablative cinere cineribus
vocative cinis cinerēs

Related terms[edit]


See also[edit]