cræft

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Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *kraftiz (strength), *kraftaz. Cognate with Old Frisian kraft, Old Saxon kraft, Dutch kracht ‘strength’, Old High German kraft (German Kraft ‘strength, ability’).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cræft m

  1. strength, power
    • Uncertain date, Unknown author, Beowulf[1], line 983:
      siððan æðelingas eorles cræfte ofer hēahne hrōf hand scēawedon, []
      since athelings all, through the earl’s great prowess, beheld that hand, on the high roof gazing, []
    • Uncertain date, Unknown author, Beowulf[2], line 1220:
      cen þec mid cræfte and þyssum cnyhtum wes
      preserve thy strength, and these striplings here
    on ðam gefeohte Mæða cræft gefeol: in that battle the power of the Medes fell.
  2. skill, art
    • Uncertain date, Unknown author, Beowulf[3], line 2697:
      cræft and cēnðu, swā him gecynde wæs;
      [] craft and keenness and courage enduring.
    nan mon ne mæg nænne cræft cyðan butan tolum: no man can show any skill without tools.
  3. an occupation
    hwæt begytst ðu of ðinum cræfte?: what do you get by your trade?
  4. a device, especially magical
    wæs æfre unbegunnen Scyppend, se ðe gemacode swylcne cræft: the Creator, who made such a work, was ever without beginning.

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]