ditransitive

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

di- +‎ transitive

Adjective[edit]

ditransitive (not comparable)

  1. (linguistics) Of a class of verbs which take both an object and an indirect object. An example is 'give', which entails a giver (subject), a gift (direct object) and a receiver (indirect object).
    • 1988, Andrew Radford, chapter 7, Transformational grammar: a first course, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, page 344:
      So far, we have considered only transitive Verbs which take a single NP Complement. However, there are a subset of transitive Verbs (known as ditransitive Verbs) which can take two NP Complements, as illustrated in (16) below (where the NP Complements are bracketed):
      (16) (a)      John gave [Mary] [a present]
      (16) (b)      The postman handed [me] [a parcel]
      (16) (c)      He showed [her] [his credentials]
      (16) (d)      He sent [his mother] [some flowers]
      (16) (e)      Never promise [anyone] [anything]
      The relevant subcategorisation frame for Verbs used in this construction will be [— NP NP], indicating that they can take two NP Complements.

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Noun[edit]

ditransitive (plural ditransitives)

  1. (linguistics) A verb that takes both an object and an indirect object.