estrange

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French estranger (to treat as a stranger), from Latin extraneus (foreigner, stranger) (from which also English strange, stranger). Also see Spanish: extraño.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɪˈstreɪndʒ/, /əˈstreɪndʒ/

Verb[edit]

estrange (third-person singular simple present estranges, present participle estranging, simple past and past participle estranged)

  1. (transitive) To cause to feel less close or friendly; alienate. To cease contact with (particularly of a family member or spouse, especially in form estranged).
  2. (transitive) To remove from an accustomed place or set of associations.

Usage notes[edit]

Largely synonymous with alienate, estrange is primarily used to mean “cut off relations”, particularly in a family setting, while alienate is rather used to refer to driving off (“he alienated her with his atrocious behavior”) or to offend a group (“the imprudent remarks alienated the urban demographic”).

When speaking of parents being estranged from a child of theirs, disown is frequently used instead, and has a stronger connotation.

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Middle French[edit]

Adjective[edit]

estrange m, f (plural estranges)

  1. strange; odd; bizarre
  2. foreign
    • circa 1369, Jean Froissart, Chroniques:
      Si vous alez guerroier en contree estrange
      If you're going to engage in warfare in a foreign country

Derived terms[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin extraneus.

Adjective[edit]

estrange m, f

  1. foreign; overseas

Noun[edit]

estrange m (oblique plural estranges, nominative singular estranges, nominative plural estrange)

  1. foreigner; non-native

Descendants[edit]