From Polish hetman, probably from Middle High German houbetman, heuptman (“commander”), from houbet, heupt (“head”), related to Latin caput (“head”), + Middle High German man (“man”). Compare modern German Hauptmann (“captain”), Haupt, Mann. The Polish e in hetman attests to a borrowing from an East Central German dialect, where Middle High German öu gives ē.
hetman (plural hetmans)
- (history) A Cossack headman or general.
- Title used by the second-highest military commander in Poland and Lithuania (15th to 18th century).
- “гетьман” in Oleksandr Savyč Melʹnyčuk (editor-in-chief) (1982–2012), Etymolohičnyj slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy [Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language], in 6 vols, Kiev: Naukova Dumka
hetman m anim
hetman m pers
- (historical) Title used by the second-highest military commander in Poland and Lithuania (15th to 18th century).