libertarian

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See also: Libertarian

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

1789 liberty +‎ -arian

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

libertarian (plural libertarians)

  1. One who advocates liberty either generally or on a specific issue, e.g. "civil libertarian" (in favor of civil liberties).
  2. (chiefly US) A believer in a political doctrine that emphasizes individual liberty and a lack of governmental regulation and oversight both in matters of the economy ('free market') and in personal behavior where no one's rights are being violated or threatened. Also 'classical liberal', akin to 'anarcho-capitalist'.
  3. (chiefly Europe) An anarchist, typically with socialist implications.(Can we verify(+) this sense?)
    • 1973 Eugene Lunn, Prophet of Community: The Romantic Socialism of Gustav Landauer (Univ. of California Press) p. 200
      Landauer's reorientation of anarchist theory and practice was the direction of idealist and völkisch thought was often incomprehensible to the more traditional libertarians, and in the period of the second Sozialist Landauer no longer felt entirely comfortable with the simple "anarchist" label. For Landauer anarchism and socialism had always been different expressions of the same view; now he regarded anarchism as "merely the negative side of what is positively called socialism."
    • 2009 Peter Marshall, Demanding the Impossible: A History of Anarchism, p. 641
      For a long time, libertarian was interchangeable in France with anarchist but in recent years, its meaning has become more ambivalent. Some anarchists like David Guérin will call themselves 'libertarian socialists', partly to avoid the negative overtones still associated with anarchism, and partly to stress the place of anarchism with the socialist tradition. Even Marxists of the New Left like E. P. Thompson call themselves 'libertarian' to distinguish themselves from those authoritarian socialists and communists who believe in revolutionary dictatorship and vanguard parties.
    • 2012 Wilbur R. Miller, The Social History of Crime and Punishment in America: An Encyclopedia (SAGE Publications) p.1008
      While anarchism and socialist libertarians have a rich history of revolutionary thinkers ranging from Emma Goldman to George Orwell, the best-known socialist libertarian thinker of today is probably Noam Chomsky.
  4. (philosophy) A believer in thinking beings' freedom to choose their own destiny, i.e. a believer in free will as opposed to those who believe the future is predetermined.
  5. (chiefly US) A member of a political party that emphasizes self-government in economic and personal issues.

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

libertarian (comparative more libertarian, superlative most libertarian)

  1. Having the beliefs of libertarians; having a relative tendency towards liberty.
    • 2012 January 1, Steven Sloman, “The Battle Between Intuition and Deliberation”, American Scientist, volume 100, number 1, page 74: 
      Libertarian paternalism is the view that, because the way options are presented to citizens affects what they choose, society should present options in a way that “nudges” our intuitive selves to make choices that are more consistent with what our more deliberative selves would have chosen if they were in control.
    • He has libertarian views.
    • A libertarian capitalist.
  2. (dated) Relating to liberty, or to the doctrine of free will, as opposed to the doctrine of necessity.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De l'être-humain mâle et femelle: Lettre à P.J. Proudhon
  2. ^ "A Note on Labels: Why "Libertarian"?",
  3. ^ Dean Russell, Who is a Libertarian?, Foundation for Economic Education, "Ideas on Liberty," May, 1955.