library

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English[edit]

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Bibliothèque Mazarine, Paris

Etymology[edit]

Middle English librarie, from Anglo-Norman librarie, from Old French librairie, from Latin librarium (bookcase, chest for books), from librarius (concerning books), from liber (the inner bark of trees, paper, parchment, book), probably derived from a Proto-Indo-European base *leub(h) (to strip, to peel). Displaced native Middle English bochus, bochous (library, bookhouse) (from Old English bōchūs (library, bookhouse)).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈlaɪbɹəɹi/
  • (UK, nonstandard) IPA(key): /ˈlaɪbəɹi/, /ˈlaɪbɹi/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈlaɪˌbɹɛɹi/, /ˈlaɪbɹəɹi/
  • (US, nonstandard) IPA(key): /ˈlaɪˌbɛɹi/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

library (plural libraries)

  1. An institution which holds books and/or other forms of stored information for use by the public or qualified people. It is usual, but not a defining feature of a library, for it to be housed in rooms of a building, to lend items of its collection to members either with or without payment, and to provide various other services for its community of users.
  2. A collection of books or other forms of stored information.
  3. An equivalent collection of analogous information in a non-printed form, e.g. record library
  4. (computer science) A collection of software subprograms that provides functionality, to be incorporated into or used by a computer program.
  5. (card games) The deck or draw pile
  6. A collection of DNA material from a single organism or relative to a single disease

Usage notes[edit]

  • Foreign words of similar form to library but differing in meaning include French librairie (bookshop) ,Italian libreria (bookshop) and Portuguese livraria (bookshop).

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]