mitochondrion

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Mitochondria in the lungs of a mammal.

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek μίτος (mítos, thread) + χονδρίον (khondríon), diminutive of χόνδρος (khóndros, grain, morsel)

Noun[edit]

mitochondrion (plural mitochondria)

  1. (cytology) A spherical or ovoid organelle found in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells, contains genetic material separate from that of the host; it is responsible for the conversion of food to usable energy in the form of ATP.

Translations[edit]