myth

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English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

  • mythe (rare or archaic)

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek μῦθος (muthos, word, humour, companion, speech, account, rumour, fable). English since 1830.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

myth (plural myths)

  1. A traditional story which embodies a belief regarding some fact or phenomenon of experience, and in which often the forces of nature and of the soul are personified; a sacred narrative regarding a god, a hero, the origin of the world or of a people, etc.
  2. (uncountable) Such stories as a genre.
    Myth was the product of man's emotion and imagination, acted upon by his surroundings. (E. Clodd, Myths & Dreams (1885), 7, cited after OED)
  3. A commonly-held but false belief, a common misconception; a fictitious or imaginary person or thing; a popular conception about a real person or event which exaggerates or idealizes reality.
  4. A person or thing held in excessive or quasi-religious awe or admiration based on popular legend
    Father Flanagan was legendary, his institution an American myth. (Tucson (Arizona) Citizen, 20 September 1979, 5A/3, cited after OED)
  5. A person or thing existing only in imagination, or whose actual existence is not verifiable.
    • Ld. Lytton
      As for Mrs. Primmins's bones, they had been myths these twenty years.

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Welsh[edit]

Noun[edit]

myth

  1. byth nasally mutated.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
byth fyth myth unchanged