spožums

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From spožs (bright) +‎ -ums.

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

spožums m (1st declension)

  1. (physics, of lights, light sources) brightness (the subjective perception of the intensity per unit of area of a source of light)
    spuldzes spožums — the brightness of a light bulb
    saules spožumsbrightness of the sun
    lai salīdzinātu... dažādus gaismas avotus pēc to gaismas stipruma un spožuma, jāveic fotometriskie mērījumi — in order to compare... various light sources according to light intensity and brightness, one must use photometric measurements
  2. (of other objects) brightness, shininess, shine
    saule nogāja, bet norieta spožums taisījās turēties ilgi — the sun went down, but the brightness of the sunset was going to remain for a while
    Jānim bija jābrīnās par meitenes acu spožumu: piemīlīgāku un dzidrāku gaismu viņš nekad nebija redzējis — Jānis was surprised by the brightness of the girls' eyes: never before had he seen such a sweet, clear light
  3. (usually plural) shiny objects
    Mazajai Dzidrai ļoti interesēja mātesbrāļa mundiera spožumi: pogas, uzpleči, zīmotnes ar zvaigznītēm — Little Dzidra was very interested in the shiny things in her uncle's uniform: buttons, shoulder straps, insignias with little stars
  4. brilliance, magnificence (the quality of that which is brilliant, outstanding, remarkable)
    slava spožums — the brilliance, magnificence of fame
    māksliniecei raksturīgs liels spožums dziedājumos — (this) artist is characterized by great brilliance in (her) singing
  5. (of people, their lives) luxuriousness
    kažu svinību spožuma nebija — there was no luxuriousness of (= in the) wedding

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]