upe

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See also: upę, upė, and upē

Guaraní[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

upe

  1. that

Latgalian[edit]

Noun[edit]

upe f

  1. river

Latvian[edit]

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 Upe on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

Upe

Etymology[edit]

In principle, from Proto-Baltic *apē-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ep-, *h₂op-, *h₂op ((flowing) water, river). Cognates include Lithuanian ùpė, dialectal ũpė, upìs, ùpis, Old Prussian ape (river), apus ((water) well), Sudovian upa (river), Hittite ẖap(a) (river), Sanskrit आपः (āpaḥ, water (plural)), Tocharian A, Tocharian B āp (water). The u in Latvian upe (and Lithuanian upė), instead of the expected a, as in the Old Prussian cognate, is difficult to explain. Some suggest that upe was influenced by other words (e.g., Old Prussian wupyan (cloud)), others that it is not cognate with Old Prussian ape, but rather a reflex of Proto-Indo-European *eup-, *ūp-, *up- (to call, to cry, to yell), or then a specific Eastern Baltic word without a Proto-Indo-European etymology.[1]

Noun[edit]

upe f (5th declension)

  1. (geography) river (permanent watercourse)
    strauja, lēna upe — fast, slow river
    kalnu, līdzenumu upe — mountain, lowland river
    upes gultneriverbed
    upes ielejariver valley
    upes baseinsriver basin
    upju sistēmariver system
    upes pietekasriver tributaries
    upes ieteka, grīvariver estuary, mouth
    upes iztekariver source, headwaters
    upes augštece, lejtece — upriver, downriver
    upju transportsfluvial transportation
    upju kuģniecībariver lines

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “upe” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7

Lithuanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

upè f

  1. instrumental singular form of upė.

Noun[edit]

ùpe f

  1. vocative singular form of upė.